Bimetallic Pt-Ru nanoparticles supported on carbon substrates have been prepared reproducibly by a simple method that utilizes commercially available metal-organic precursors at low temperature in vacuum. Particles morphology, composition and structure have been investigated using (HR)TEM, EDX, Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED) and powder XRD analysis. TEM shows that the obtained nanoparticles are homogeneously dispersed on the substrate surface and exhibit narrow size distribution, the average diameter being ca. 2nm. Point resolved EDX analysis demonstrates co-presence of both Pt and Ru in each particle, thereby indicating that truly bimetallic nanoparticles have been obtained. Moreover, EDX performed on several areas of the sample evidences uniform particles composition. The latter can be controlled very easily and effectively by regulating the operation temperature during particles preparation. HRTEM imaging shows that the particles possess crystalline structure. Both SAED and XRD analyses indicate presence of nanoparticles exhibiting structure consistent with that of a fcc Pt-Ru alloy. Besides the fcc alloy, an additional crystalline phase might also be present as noticed by SAED. These nanoparticles display electrocatalytic activity with regard to methanol oxidation as evidenced by cyclic voltammetry (CV).
|Autori:||P. SIVAKUMAR; R. ISHAK; V. TRICOLI|
|Titolo:||Novel Pt-Ru nanoparticles formed by vapour deposition as efficient electrocatalyst for methanol oxidation, Part I. Preparation and physical characterization|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|