Three ejaculates were collected from each of five dogs. After initial evaluation, the sperm-rich fractions were diluted to 100 x 106 spermatozoa center dot mL(-1) in two steps with an egg yolk-TRIS extender containing a final concentration of 5% glycerol and 0.5% Equex STM paste. Half of the 0.5 mL straws obtained from each ejaculate were frozen on nitrogen vapours ( 4 cm above the liquid surface) ("rapid freezing"), while the other half was frozen in a biological freezer at a rate of 0.5 degrees C center dot min(-1) between 5 degrees C and - 10 degrees C and of 8 degrees C center dot min(-1) between - 10 degrees C and - 60 degrees C, followed by immersion in liquid nitrogen ("slow freezing"). After an average storage of 30 days, the straws were thawed in a water-bath at 37 degrees C for 1 min. Progressive motility was subjectively estimated hourly for 8 h on semen incubated at 38 degrees C. Immediately after thawing and after 2 h of incubation, motility parameters were also measured by a motility analyser. Sperm membrane function and chromatin stability were assessed immediately post-thaw, using the hypo-osmotic swelling test and acridine orange staining, respectively. Slow freezing significantly improved total post-thaw motility, which showed a slower decline over time, although spermatozoal average path and straight line velocity were lower compared to the fast rate. Also the number of intact membrane spermatozoa was significantly higher in slow-frozen samples while the proportion of spermatozoa with single-stranded DNA was minimal after both freezing procedures.
ROTA, ALESSANDRA (Secondo)
|Autori:||Rota, A; Rota, A; Martini, M; Milani, C; Romagnoli, S|
|Titolo:||Evaluation of dog semen quality after slow (biological freezer) or rapid (nitrogen vapours) freezing|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1051/rnd:2005002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|