New low-frequency 74 and 330 MHz observations of the Galactic center ( GC) region reveal the presence of a large-scale (6° x 2°) diffuse source of nonthermal synchrotron emission. A minimum-energy analysis of this emission yields a total energy of ∼(φ(4/7) f(3/7)) x 10(52) ergs and a magnetic field strength of ∼ μ G (where φ is the proton to electron energy ratio and f is the filling factor of the synchrotron emitting gas). The equipartition particle energy density is 1.2(φ/f)(2/7) eV cm(-3), a value consistent with cosmic-ray data. However, the derived magnetic field is several orders of magnitude below the 1 mG field commonly invoked for the GC. With this field the source can be maintained with the supernova rate inferred from the GC star formation. Furthermore, a strong magnetic field implies an abnormally low GC cosmic-ray energy density. We conclude that the mean magnetic field in the GC region must be weak, of order 10 mG ( at least on size scales ≥ 125(n)).

Evidence of a weak galactic center magnetic field from diffuse low-frequency nonthermal radio emission

SHORE, STEVEN NEIL;
2005-01-01

Abstract

New low-frequency 74 and 330 MHz observations of the Galactic center ( GC) region reveal the presence of a large-scale (6° x 2°) diffuse source of nonthermal synchrotron emission. A minimum-energy analysis of this emission yields a total energy of ∼(φ(4/7) f(3/7)) x 10(52) ergs and a magnetic field strength of ∼ μ G (where φ is the proton to electron energy ratio and f is the filling factor of the synchrotron emitting gas). The equipartition particle energy density is 1.2(φ/f)(2/7) eV cm(-3), a value consistent with cosmic-ray data. However, the derived magnetic field is several orders of magnitude below the 1 mG field commonly invoked for the GC. With this field the source can be maintained with the supernova rate inferred from the GC star formation. Furthermore, a strong magnetic field implies an abnormally low GC cosmic-ray energy density. We conclude that the mean magnetic field in the GC region must be weak, of order 10 mG ( at least on size scales ≥ 125(n)).
2005
Larosa, Tn; Brogan, Cl; Shore, STEVEN NEIL; Lazio, Tj; Kassim, Ne; Nord, Me
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/99524
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