AIMS: Portal-enteric drainage (PED) might be particularly suitable for pancreas transplantation alone (PTA), since it has been associated with an immunologic advantage and achieves excellent metabolic results. We describe our experience with a consecutive series of 40 PTAs with PED. METHODS: Between April 2001 and March 2004, 40 consecutive PTAs were performed with PED. Recipients were selected according to the American Diabetic Association recommendations. Donors were selected according to standard criteria irrespective of HLA match, although matching for A and B loci was considered at the time of graft allocation. Immunosuppression consisted of induction treatment with basiliximab (n = 34) or thymoglobulin (n = 6), and maintenance therapy with steroids, mycophenolate mofetil, and tacrolimus. RESULTS: After a mean cold ischemia time of 690 minutes (range, 517-965 min) all pancreases functioned immediately. Three grafts were lost due to hyperacute or accelerated rejection. No graft was lost to vascular thrombosis, although 5 (12.5%) nonocclusive thromboses were identified and the grafts were rescued with intravenous heparin infusion. A repeat laparotomy was required in 7 recipients (17.5%) No patient required multiple repeat laparotomies, and none died. After a mean follow-up of 16.4 months (range, 1-36 mo), 2 recipients were diagnosed with rejection episodes, which were reversed with steroid boluses. Actuarial 3-year patient, and graft survival rates were 100% and 94.9%, respectively. The following parameters showed significant improvement compared with pretransplantation evaluation: hemoglobin A1C concentration, total and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, arterial blood pressure, cardiac performance, retinopathy, proteinuria, and neuropathy. CONCLUSIONS: Pancreas transplantation alone with PED provides high rates of long-term insulin-independence.
|Autori:||Boggi, Ugo; Mosca, F; Vistoli, Fabio; Signori, S; Del Chiaro, M; Bartolo, Tv; Amorese, G; Coppelli, A; Marchetti, Piero; Mariotti, Rita; Rondinini, L; DEL PRATO, Stefano; Rizzo, G.|
|Titolo:||Ninety-five percent insulin independence rate 3 years after pancreas transplantation alone with portal-enteric drainage|
|Anno del prodotto:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.transproceed.2005.01.024|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|