The growing availability of self-contained and affordable augmented reality headsets such as the Microsoft HoloLens is encouraging the adoption of these devices also in the healthcare sector. However, technological and human-factor limitations still hinder their routine use in clinical practice. Among them, the major drawbacks are due to their general-purpose nature and to the lack of a standardized framework suited for medical applications and devoid of platform-dependent tracking techniques and/or complex calibration procedures. To overcome such limitations, in this paper we present a software framework that is designed to support the development of augmented reality applications for custom-made head-mounted displays designed to aid high-precision manual tasks. The software platform is highly configurable, computationally efficient, and it allows the deployment of augmented reality applications capable to support in situ visualization of medical imaging data. The framework can provide both optical and video see-through-based augmentations and it features a robust optical tracking algorithm. An experimental study was designed to assess the efficacy of the platform in guiding a simulated task of surgical incision. In the experiments, the user was asked to perform a digital incision task, with and without the aid of the augmented reality headset. The task accuracy was evaluated by measuring the similarity between the traced curve and the planned one. The average error in the augmented reality tests was < 1 mm. The results confirm that the proposed framework coupled with the new-concept headset may boost the integration of augmented reality headsets into routine clinical practice.

Software Framework for Customized Augmented Reality Headsets in Medicine

Cutolo, Fabrizio
Primo
;
Fida, Benish;Cattari, Nadia;Ferrari, Vincenzo
2019-01-01

Abstract

The growing availability of self-contained and affordable augmented reality headsets such as the Microsoft HoloLens is encouraging the adoption of these devices also in the healthcare sector. However, technological and human-factor limitations still hinder their routine use in clinical practice. Among them, the major drawbacks are due to their general-purpose nature and to the lack of a standardized framework suited for medical applications and devoid of platform-dependent tracking techniques and/or complex calibration procedures. To overcome such limitations, in this paper we present a software framework that is designed to support the development of augmented reality applications for custom-made head-mounted displays designed to aid high-precision manual tasks. The software platform is highly configurable, computationally efficient, and it allows the deployment of augmented reality applications capable to support in situ visualization of medical imaging data. The framework can provide both optical and video see-through-based augmentations and it features a robust optical tracking algorithm. An experimental study was designed to assess the efficacy of the platform in guiding a simulated task of surgical incision. In the experiments, the user was asked to perform a digital incision task, with and without the aid of the augmented reality headset. The task accuracy was evaluated by measuring the similarity between the traced curve and the planned one. The average error in the augmented reality tests was < 1 mm. The results confirm that the proposed framework coupled with the new-concept headset may boost the integration of augmented reality headsets into routine clinical practice.
2019
Cutolo, Fabrizio; Fida, Benish; Cattari, Nadia; Ferrari, Vincenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1020115
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