We present new Hubble Space Telescope imaging of a stream-like system associated with the dwarf galaxy DDO 68, located in the Lynx-Cancer void at a distance of D similar to 12.65 Mpc from us. The stream, previously identified in deep Large Binocular Telescope images as a diffuse low surface brightness structure, is resolved into individual stars in the F606W (broad V) and F814W (similar to I) images acquired with the Wide Field Camera 3. The resulting V, I color-magnitude diagram (CMD) of the resolved stars is dominated by old (age greater than or similar to 1-2 Gyr) red giant branch (RGB) stars. From the observed RGB tip, we conclude that the stream is at the same distance as DDO 68, confirming the physical association with it. A synthetic CMD analysis indicates that the large majority of the star formation activity in the stream occurred at epochs earlier than similar to 1 Gyr ago, and that the star formation at epochs more recent than similar to 500 Myr ago is compatible with zero. The total stellar mass of the stream is similar to 10(6)M(circle dot), about 1/100 of that of DDO 68. This is a striking example of hierarchical merging in action at the dwarf galaxy scales.
|Autori:||Annibali, F.; Bellazzini, M.; Correnti, M.; Sacchi, E.; Tosi, M.; Cignoni, M.; Aloisi, A.; Calzetti, D.; Ciotti, L.; Cusano, F.; Lee, J.; Nipoti, C.|
|Titolo:||HST Resolves Stars in a Tiny Body Falling on the Dwarf Galaxy DDO 68|
|Anno del prodotto:||2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3847/1538-4357/ab3409|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|