The gasotransmitter hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is involved in the regulation of the vascular tone and an impairment of its endogenous production may play a role in hypertension. Thus, the administration of exogenous H2S may be a possible novel and effective strategy to control blood pressure. Some natural and synthetic sulfur compounds are suitable H2S-donors, exhibiting long-lasting H2S release; however, novel H2S-releasing agents are needed to improve the pharmacological armamentarium for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. For this purpose, N-phenylthiourea (PTU) and N,N’-diphenylthiourea (DPTU) compounds have been investigated as potential H2S-donors. The thioureas showed long-lasting H2S donation in cell free environment and in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs). In HASMCs, DPTU caused membrane hyperpolarization, mediated by activation of KATP and Kv7 potassium channels. The thiourea derivatives promoted vasodilation in rat aortic rings, which was abolished by KATP and Kv7 blockers. The vasorelaxing effects were also observed in angiotensin II-constricted coronary vessels. In conclusion, thiourea represents an original H2S-donor functional group, which releases H2S with slow and long lasting kinetic, and promotes typical H2S-mediated vascular effects. Such a moiety will be extremely useful for developing original cardiovascular drugs and new chemical tools for investigating the pharmacological roles of H2S.

Searching for novel hydrogen sulfide donors: The vascular effects of two thiourea derivatives

Citi V.
Primo
;
Martelli A.
Secondo
;
Bucci M.;Piragine E.;Testai L.;Cirino G.;Calderone V.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

The gasotransmitter hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is involved in the regulation of the vascular tone and an impairment of its endogenous production may play a role in hypertension. Thus, the administration of exogenous H2S may be a possible novel and effective strategy to control blood pressure. Some natural and synthetic sulfur compounds are suitable H2S-donors, exhibiting long-lasting H2S release; however, novel H2S-releasing agents are needed to improve the pharmacological armamentarium for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. For this purpose, N-phenylthiourea (PTU) and N,N’-diphenylthiourea (DPTU) compounds have been investigated as potential H2S-donors. The thioureas showed long-lasting H2S donation in cell free environment and in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs). In HASMCs, DPTU caused membrane hyperpolarization, mediated by activation of KATP and Kv7 potassium channels. The thiourea derivatives promoted vasodilation in rat aortic rings, which was abolished by KATP and Kv7 blockers. The vasorelaxing effects were also observed in angiotensin II-constricted coronary vessels. In conclusion, thiourea represents an original H2S-donor functional group, which releases H2S with slow and long lasting kinetic, and promotes typical H2S-mediated vascular effects. Such a moiety will be extremely useful for developing original cardiovascular drugs and new chemical tools for investigating the pharmacological roles of H2S.
2020
Citi, V.; Martelli, A.; Bucci, M.; Piragine, E.; Testai, L.; Vellecco, V.; Cirino, G.; Calderone, V.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1046438
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact