This study deals with the identification of the mechanical behavior of chemical anchors embedded in masonry walls. 108 pull-out tests are carried out in five types of masonry walls built with clay brick or vertically perforated units with cement mortar. Different parameters are taken into account: embedment depths, masonry type, anchor position (injection either in brick units or in mortar joints). The axial load capacity and the failure mode are observed for each test. The results are examined by means of elastic and plastic models assessing the efficiency of anchors installed in headers, stretchers or mortar joints. The anchors injected in mortar joints are shown to have much greater pull-out capacity than that found for anchors in bricks. Passing from 90 to 160 mm of embedment depth, a minimum increase by 40% of pull-out strength is observed. The most common failure modes are the sliding failure, which occurs for short anchors or weak masonry, and mixed sliding/cone failure, for long anchors or strong masonry. An analytical model is proposed to design anchors in order to avoid or at least to limit brittle masonry failures and to identify the field of application of uniform stress models.

Experimental pull-out tests and design indications for strength anchors installed in masonry walls

Linda Giresini
;
Mario Lucio Puppio;
2020-01-01

Abstract

This study deals with the identification of the mechanical behavior of chemical anchors embedded in masonry walls. 108 pull-out tests are carried out in five types of masonry walls built with clay brick or vertically perforated units with cement mortar. Different parameters are taken into account: embedment depths, masonry type, anchor position (injection either in brick units or in mortar joints). The axial load capacity and the failure mode are observed for each test. The results are examined by means of elastic and plastic models assessing the efficiency of anchors installed in headers, stretchers or mortar joints. The anchors injected in mortar joints are shown to have much greater pull-out capacity than that found for anchors in bricks. Passing from 90 to 160 mm of embedment depth, a minimum increase by 40% of pull-out strength is observed. The most common failure modes are the sliding failure, which occurs for short anchors or weak masonry, and mixed sliding/cone failure, for long anchors or strong masonry. An analytical model is proposed to design anchors in order to avoid or at least to limit brittle masonry failures and to identify the field of application of uniform stress models.
2020
Giresini, Linda; Puppio, MARIO LUCIO; Taddei, Francesca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1049938
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