Background: To propose a practical and simple method to individually evaluate the average absorbed dose for digital breast tomosynthesis. Methods: The method is based on the estimate of incident air kerma (ka,i) on the breast surface. An analytical model was developed to calculate the ka,i from the tube voltage, tube load, breast thickness, x-ray tube yield, and anode-filter combination. A homogeneous phantom was employed to simulate the breast in experimental measurements and to assess the dose-depth relationship. The ka,i values were employed to calculate the “average absorbed breast dose” (2ABD) index. Four mammographic units were used to develop and test our method under many conditions close to clinical settings. The average glandular dose (AGD) calculated following the method described by Dance et al., and the 2ABD computed through our method (i.e., from the exposure parameters) were compared in a number of conditions. Results: A good agreement was obtained between the ka,i computed through our model and that measured under different clinical conditions: discrepancies < 6% were found in all conditions. 2ABD matches with a good accuracy the AGD for a 100% glandular-breast: the minimum, maximum, and mean differences were < 0.1%, 7%, and 2.4%, respectively; the discrepancies increase with decreasing breast glandularity. Conclusions: The proposed model, based on only few exposure parameters, represents a simple way to individually calculate an index, 2ABD, which can be interpreted as the average absorbed dose in a homogeneous phantom, approximating a 100% glandular breast. The method could be easily implemented in any mammographic device performing DBT.

Average absorbed breast dose (2ABD): an easy radiation dose index for digital breast tomosynthesis

Lamastra R.;Aringhieri G.;Caramella D.;Fantacci M. E.
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: To propose a practical and simple method to individually evaluate the average absorbed dose for digital breast tomosynthesis. Methods: The method is based on the estimate of incident air kerma (ka,i) on the breast surface. An analytical model was developed to calculate the ka,i from the tube voltage, tube load, breast thickness, x-ray tube yield, and anode-filter combination. A homogeneous phantom was employed to simulate the breast in experimental measurements and to assess the dose-depth relationship. The ka,i values were employed to calculate the “average absorbed breast dose” (2ABD) index. Four mammographic units were used to develop and test our method under many conditions close to clinical settings. The average glandular dose (AGD) calculated following the method described by Dance et al., and the 2ABD computed through our method (i.e., from the exposure parameters) were compared in a number of conditions. Results: A good agreement was obtained between the ka,i computed through our model and that measured under different clinical conditions: discrepancies < 6% were found in all conditions. 2ABD matches with a good accuracy the AGD for a 100% glandular-breast: the minimum, maximum, and mean differences were < 0.1%, 7%, and 2.4%, respectively; the discrepancies increase with decreasing breast glandularity. Conclusions: The proposed model, based on only few exposure parameters, represents a simple way to individually calculate an index, 2ABD, which can be interpreted as the average absorbed dose in a homogeneous phantom, approximating a 100% glandular breast. The method could be easily implemented in any mammographic device performing DBT.
2020
Traino, A. C.; Barca, P.; Lamastra, R.; Tucciariello, R. M.; Sottocornola, C.; Marini, C.; Aringhieri, G.; Caramella, D.; Fantacci, M. E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1055092
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