Background: PI3K pathway hyperactivation due to PIK3CA mutations contributes to endocrine resistance, and PIK3CA is one of the most frequently mutated genes in breast cancer (BC), occurring approximately 40 % of HR+, HER2- advanced BC (ABC). Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 inhibitors (CDK4/6i) have changed the treatment landscape of HR+, HER2- ABC. Putative mechanisms of resistance to CDK4/6i have been identified, but limited data are available on PI3K deregulation. The present study evaluates the impact of PIK3CA mutations on CDK4/6i plus hormone therapy and evaluates potential characteristics that may suggest for a PI3K screening in patients with ABC. Methods: ABC patients were enrolled, and 12 mL of blood were collected in EDTA tubes at baseline prior to CDK4/6i plus hormone therapy. Plasma was separated and circulating free DNA (cfDNA) was extracted. PIK3CA mutation analysis was performed on a ddPCR. Selected and analyzed mutations included: p.C420R, p.E542 K, p.E545A, p.E545D, p.E545G, p.E545K, p.Q546E, p.Q546R, p.H1047L, p.H1047R, p.H1047Y. Statistical analysis were performed to investigate the predictive power of such mutations and any association with clinical factors. Results: Thirty patients were enrolled. PIK3CA mutation status at baseline was independently associated with shorter median PFS (7.44 vs 12.9 months, p = 0.01) in subject receiving CDK4/6i plus hormone therapy. PIK3CA mutations were found to be associated to Ki67 expression in primary lesions (p = 0.006). Moreover, the probability to find a PI3K mutation improved considering also the therapeutic management in previous lines of treatment (McFadden's R2 = 0.415, p = 0.004; AUC of the ROC curve = 0.914). Conclusion: The findings of this pilot study suggest that the presence of a PI3K mutation in liquid biopsy correlates with a worse PFS in patients with ABC receiving CDK4/6i, and that liquid biopsy is a useful tool to suggests a better tailored pharmacological intervention.

PI3K mutations detected in liquid biopsy are associated to reduced sensitivity to CDK4/6 inhibitors in metastatic breast cancer patients

Del Re M.
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Crucitta S.;Lorenzini G.;De Angelis C.;Diodati L.;Cavallero D.;Bargagna I.;Cinacchi P.;Fratini B.;Roncella M.;Fontana A.;Danesi R.
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Cucchiara F.
Ultimo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: PI3K pathway hyperactivation due to PIK3CA mutations contributes to endocrine resistance, and PIK3CA is one of the most frequently mutated genes in breast cancer (BC), occurring approximately 40 % of HR+, HER2- advanced BC (ABC). Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 inhibitors (CDK4/6i) have changed the treatment landscape of HR+, HER2- ABC. Putative mechanisms of resistance to CDK4/6i have been identified, but limited data are available on PI3K deregulation. The present study evaluates the impact of PIK3CA mutations on CDK4/6i plus hormone therapy and evaluates potential characteristics that may suggest for a PI3K screening in patients with ABC. Methods: ABC patients were enrolled, and 12 mL of blood were collected in EDTA tubes at baseline prior to CDK4/6i plus hormone therapy. Plasma was separated and circulating free DNA (cfDNA) was extracted. PIK3CA mutation analysis was performed on a ddPCR. Selected and analyzed mutations included: p.C420R, p.E542 K, p.E545A, p.E545D, p.E545G, p.E545K, p.Q546E, p.Q546R, p.H1047L, p.H1047R, p.H1047Y. Statistical analysis were performed to investigate the predictive power of such mutations and any association with clinical factors. Results: Thirty patients were enrolled. PIK3CA mutation status at baseline was independently associated with shorter median PFS (7.44 vs 12.9 months, p = 0.01) in subject receiving CDK4/6i plus hormone therapy. PIK3CA mutations were found to be associated to Ki67 expression in primary lesions (p = 0.006). Moreover, the probability to find a PI3K mutation improved considering also the therapeutic management in previous lines of treatment (McFadden's R2 = 0.415, p = 0.004; AUC of the ROC curve = 0.914). Conclusion: The findings of this pilot study suggest that the presence of a PI3K mutation in liquid biopsy correlates with a worse PFS in patients with ABC receiving CDK4/6i, and that liquid biopsy is a useful tool to suggests a better tailored pharmacological intervention.
2021
Del Re, M.; Crucitta, S.; Lorenzini, G.; De Angelis, C.; Diodati, L.; Cavallero, D.; Bargagna, I.; Cinacchi, P.; Fratini, B.; Salvadori, B.; Ghilli, M.; Roncella, M.; Fontana, A.; Danesi, R.; Cucchiara, F.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1069158
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 18
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact