Background: Valproic acid (VPA) is the most effective medication in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) but, due to its teratogenic potential, levetiracetam (LEV) and lamotrigine (LTG) are preferred in women of childbearing age. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and tolerability of LEV and LTG monotherapy in patients with a previous good seizure control in VPA monotherapy, in which VPA was withdrawn because of teratogenic potential or adverse drug effects. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 65 patients with JME which had been followedup at the Epilepsy Center of Pisa University Hospital, identifying 28 subjects who had been successfully treated with VPA monotherapy and who were shifted to another monotherapy. The second monotherapy was LEV for 14 subjects and LTG for the remaining 14 ones. Drug efficacy was measured in terms of seizure freedom for more than twelve months after reaching the minimum effective or the highest tolerated dose. Results: In terms of seizure control, our analysis showed a significantly better outcome for LEV compared to LTG (14.3% and 71.4% of seizure relapse, respectively, p = 0.006) monotherapy. Such a higher efficacy was confirmed in those subjects with seizure relapse on LTG, who achieved good seizure control after switching to LEV monotherapy (89% of cases). Concerning tolerability, none of the patients reported sev- ere side effects. Conclusion: Although obtained in a small case series, our analysis showed a significant better efficacy of LEV compared to LTG in monotherapy, in patients with JME with a good response to VPA, concerning both myoclonic and generalized tonic-clonic seizures

Response to levetiracetam or lamotrigine in subjects with Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy previously treated with valproic acid: A single center retrospective study

Milano, Chiara
Co-primo
;
Turco, Francesco
Co-primo
;
Bonanni, Enrica;Siciliano, Gabriele;Fornai, Francesco
Penultimo
;
Giorgi, Filippo Sean
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: Valproic acid (VPA) is the most effective medication in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) but, due to its teratogenic potential, levetiracetam (LEV) and lamotrigine (LTG) are preferred in women of childbearing age. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and tolerability of LEV and LTG monotherapy in patients with a previous good seizure control in VPA monotherapy, in which VPA was withdrawn because of teratogenic potential or adverse drug effects. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 65 patients with JME which had been followedup at the Epilepsy Center of Pisa University Hospital, identifying 28 subjects who had been successfully treated with VPA monotherapy and who were shifted to another monotherapy. The second monotherapy was LEV for 14 subjects and LTG for the remaining 14 ones. Drug efficacy was measured in terms of seizure freedom for more than twelve months after reaching the minimum effective or the highest tolerated dose. Results: In terms of seizure control, our analysis showed a significantly better outcome for LEV compared to LTG (14.3% and 71.4% of seizure relapse, respectively, p = 0.006) monotherapy. Such a higher efficacy was confirmed in those subjects with seizure relapse on LTG, who achieved good seizure control after switching to LEV monotherapy (89% of cases). Concerning tolerability, none of the patients reported sev- ere side effects. Conclusion: Although obtained in a small case series, our analysis showed a significant better efficacy of LEV compared to LTG in monotherapy, in patients with JME with a good response to VPA, concerning both myoclonic and generalized tonic-clonic seizures
2021
Milano, Chiara; Turco, Francesco; Pizzanelli, Chiara; Bonanni, Enrica; Siciliano, Gabriele; Fornai, Francesco; Giorgi, Filippo Sean
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1074502
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