A new Pseudomonas putida strain (AQ8) was isolated from a decommissioned oil refinery’s soil in Italy and characterized for its ability to degrade BTEX. The draft genome of the new strain was sequenced and annotated for genes that encode enzymes putatively involved in BTEX degradation and quorum sensing. The strain was transformed with a plasmid expressing lactonase, which cleaves the autoinducer quorum sensing signal molecule, the acyl-homoserine lactone, to obtain a quorum sensing minus strain. P. putida AQ8 depleted the 40% on average of all the components of the initial BTEX concentration in 36 h. The quorum sensing minus strain, in the same time interval, depleted only the 10% of the initial BTEX concentration. The role of quorum sensing in regulating the expression of the annotated benzene/toluene dioxygenase gene (benzA) and biphenyl/toluene/benzene dioxygenase (bphA) genes, which are involved in BTEX degradation, was studied by quantitative RT-real-time quantitative (q)PCR analysis. The qPCR data showed decreased levels of expression of the benzA and bphA genes in the quorum sensing minus strain. Our results showed, for the first time, quorum sensing modulation of the level of transcription of dioxygenase genes in the upper BTEX oxidation pathway.

Degradation of BTEX mixture by a new Pseudomonas putida strain: role of the quorum sensing in the modulation of the upper BTEX oxidative pathway

Becarelli S.
Secondo
;
Petroni G.;Di Gregorio S.
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

A new Pseudomonas putida strain (AQ8) was isolated from a decommissioned oil refinery’s soil in Italy and characterized for its ability to degrade BTEX. The draft genome of the new strain was sequenced and annotated for genes that encode enzymes putatively involved in BTEX degradation and quorum sensing. The strain was transformed with a plasmid expressing lactonase, which cleaves the autoinducer quorum sensing signal molecule, the acyl-homoserine lactone, to obtain a quorum sensing minus strain. P. putida AQ8 depleted the 40% on average of all the components of the initial BTEX concentration in 36 h. The quorum sensing minus strain, in the same time interval, depleted only the 10% of the initial BTEX concentration. The role of quorum sensing in regulating the expression of the annotated benzene/toluene dioxygenase gene (benzA) and biphenyl/toluene/benzene dioxygenase (bphA) genes, which are involved in BTEX degradation, was studied by quantitative RT-real-time quantitative (q)PCR analysis. The qPCR data showed decreased levels of expression of the benzA and bphA genes in the quorum sensing minus strain. Our results showed, for the first time, quorum sensing modulation of the level of transcription of dioxygenase genes in the upper BTEX oxidation pathway.
2020
Chicca, I.; Becarelli, S.; Dartiahl, C.; La China, S.; De Kievit, T.; Petroni, G.; Di Gregorio, S.; Levin, D. B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1075889
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