The treatment of progressive myoclonic epilepsy (PME) is largely empirical, even though valproic acid (VPA) is usually considered the drug of first choice. However, VPA should be used with caution in PME due to mitochondrial dysfunction, i.e. in MERRF (myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers) syndrome, because of its interaction with mitochondrial respiration and metabolism. Levetiracetam (LEV) treatment was started in combination with VPA in a patient with typical clinical, histological, and biochemical features of MERRF due to a mutation on the tRNA of Phenilalanine gene. The average myoclonus score improved dramatically, as well as the quality of life and no side effects were observed, even after having withdrawn VPA. LEV may benefit myoclonus in PME of mitochondrial origin without altering mitochondrial function, and it could be considered the drug of first choice for the treatment of myoclonus in MERRF.

Antimyoclonic effect of levetiracetam in MERRF syndrome

MANCUSO, MICHELANGELO;GALLI, RENATO;SICILIANO, GABRIELE;MURRI, LUIGI
2006-01-01

Abstract

The treatment of progressive myoclonic epilepsy (PME) is largely empirical, even though valproic acid (VPA) is usually considered the drug of first choice. However, VPA should be used with caution in PME due to mitochondrial dysfunction, i.e. in MERRF (myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers) syndrome, because of its interaction with mitochondrial respiration and metabolism. Levetiracetam (LEV) treatment was started in combination with VPA in a patient with typical clinical, histological, and biochemical features of MERRF due to a mutation on the tRNA of Phenilalanine gene. The average myoclonus score improved dramatically, as well as the quality of life and no side effects were observed, even after having withdrawn VPA. LEV may benefit myoclonus in PME of mitochondrial origin without altering mitochondrial function, and it could be considered the drug of first choice for the treatment of myoclonus in MERRF.
2006
Mancuso, Michelangelo; Galli, Renato; Pizzanelli, C; Filosto, M; Siciliano, Gabriele; Murri, Luigi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/108595
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