Objective The extent to which mononuclear cells and TSH-receptor autoantibodies (TRAb) contribute to Graves’ orbitopathy (GO) is not completely defined. Here we investigated the relationship between the immunohistochemical phenotype of orbital infiltrating cells and GO features in a large number of patients. Methods We conducted an observational cohort study in 76 consecutive patients with GO (16 men and 60 women) who underwent orbital decompression over a period of 18 consecutive months. An ophthalmological evaluation was performed in all patients, as well as immunohistochemistry for CD3, CD4, CD8, CD56 (T-cell markers), CD25 (T and B-cell marker), CD20, CD19 (B-cell markers), and CD138 (plasmacell marker) in specimens collected at decompressive surgery. Results Having established cutoff values for each marker, cell infiltrates were found in 60 patients (78.9%; CD3: 39.4%, CD4 55.2%, CD8 50%, CD56: 0%, CD25: 28.9%, CD20: 51.3%, CD19: 25%, CD138: 26.3%). Eleven (14.4%) stained exclusively for CD138 (plasmacells). Patients with CD4-positive mononuclear cells had a significantly greater GO clinical activity score (CAS) (mean difference 1.07, 95% CI − 0.33 to − 1.82, P = 0.004 by univariate, P = 0.05 by multivariate analysis). CAS as well as the remaining GO features were not affected significantly by the mononuclear cell subpopulations in multivariate analyses. Conclusions Mononuclear cell infiltrates are present in the majority of GO patients, with a small percentage represented exclusively by plasmacells. CD4 cells exert a major role on GO activity. These findings may represent a further advancement in the comprehension of GO pathogenesis.

Role of the mononuclear cell infiltrate in Graves’ orbitopathy (GO): results of a large cohort study

Rotondo Dottore, G.
Primo
;
Torregrossa, L.;Lanzolla, G.;Mariotti, S.;Menconi, F.;Piaggi, P.;Cristofani Mencacci, L.;Posarelli, C.;Maglionico, M. N.;Dallan, I.;Figus, M.;Nardi, M.;Marcocci, C.;Basolo, F.;Marinò, M.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective The extent to which mononuclear cells and TSH-receptor autoantibodies (TRAb) contribute to Graves’ orbitopathy (GO) is not completely defined. Here we investigated the relationship between the immunohistochemical phenotype of orbital infiltrating cells and GO features in a large number of patients. Methods We conducted an observational cohort study in 76 consecutive patients with GO (16 men and 60 women) who underwent orbital decompression over a period of 18 consecutive months. An ophthalmological evaluation was performed in all patients, as well as immunohistochemistry for CD3, CD4, CD8, CD56 (T-cell markers), CD25 (T and B-cell marker), CD20, CD19 (B-cell markers), and CD138 (plasmacell marker) in specimens collected at decompressive surgery. Results Having established cutoff values for each marker, cell infiltrates were found in 60 patients (78.9%; CD3: 39.4%, CD4 55.2%, CD8 50%, CD56: 0%, CD25: 28.9%, CD20: 51.3%, CD19: 25%, CD138: 26.3%). Eleven (14.4%) stained exclusively for CD138 (plasmacells). Patients with CD4-positive mononuclear cells had a significantly greater GO clinical activity score (CAS) (mean difference 1.07, 95% CI − 0.33 to − 1.82, P = 0.004 by univariate, P = 0.05 by multivariate analysis). CAS as well as the remaining GO features were not affected significantly by the mononuclear cell subpopulations in multivariate analyses. Conclusions Mononuclear cell infiltrates are present in the majority of GO patients, with a small percentage represented exclusively by plasmacells. CD4 cells exert a major role on GO activity. These findings may represent a further advancement in the comprehension of GO pathogenesis.
Rotondo Dottore, G.; Torregrossa, L.; Lanzolla, G.; Mariotti, S.; Menconi, F.; Piaggi, P.; Cristofani Mencacci, L.; Posarelli, C.; Maglionico, M. N.; Dallan, I.; Figus, M.; Nardi, M.; Marcocci, C.; Basolo, F.; Marinò, M.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1109876
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact