Electrical resistivity tomography is a non-linear and ill-posed geophysical inverse problem that is usually solved through gradient-descent methods. This strategy is computationally fast and easy to implement but impedes accurate uncertainty appraisals. We present a probabilistic approach to two-dimensional electrical resistivity tomography in which a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm is used to numerically evaluate the posterior probability density function that fully quantifies the uncertainty affecting the recovered solution. The main drawback of Markov chain Monte Carlo approaches is related to the considerable number of sampled models needed to achieve accurate posterior assessments in high-dimensional parameter spaces. Therefore, to reduce the computational burden of the inversion process, we employ the differential evolution Markov chain, a hybrid method between non-linear optimization and Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling, which exploits multiple and interactive chains to speed up the probabilistic sampling. Moreover, the discrete cosine transform reparameterization is employed to reduce the dimensionality of the parameter space removing the high-frequency components of the resistivity modelwhich are not sensitive to data. In this framework, the unknown parameters become the series of coefficients associated with the retained discrete cosine transform basis functions. First, synthetic data inversions are used to validate the proposed method and to demonstrate the benefits provided by the discrete cosine transform compression. To this end, we compare the outcomes of the implemented approach with those provided by a differential evolution Markov chain algorithm running in the full, un-reduced model space. Then, we apply the method to invert field data acquired along a river embankment. The results yielded by the implemented approach are also benchmarked against a standard local inversion algorithm. The proposed Bayesian inversion provides posterior mean models in agreement with the predictions achieved by the gradient-based inversion, but it also provides model uncertainties, which can be used for penetration depth and resolution limit identification.

Discrete cosine transform for parameter space reduction in Bayesian electrical resistivity tomography

Mattia Aleardi;Eusebio Stucchi
2021-01-01

Abstract

Electrical resistivity tomography is a non-linear and ill-posed geophysical inverse problem that is usually solved through gradient-descent methods. This strategy is computationally fast and easy to implement but impedes accurate uncertainty appraisals. We present a probabilistic approach to two-dimensional electrical resistivity tomography in which a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm is used to numerically evaluate the posterior probability density function that fully quantifies the uncertainty affecting the recovered solution. The main drawback of Markov chain Monte Carlo approaches is related to the considerable number of sampled models needed to achieve accurate posterior assessments in high-dimensional parameter spaces. Therefore, to reduce the computational burden of the inversion process, we employ the differential evolution Markov chain, a hybrid method between non-linear optimization and Markov chain Monte Carlo sampling, which exploits multiple and interactive chains to speed up the probabilistic sampling. Moreover, the discrete cosine transform reparameterization is employed to reduce the dimensionality of the parameter space removing the high-frequency components of the resistivity modelwhich are not sensitive to data. In this framework, the unknown parameters become the series of coefficients associated with the retained discrete cosine transform basis functions. First, synthetic data inversions are used to validate the proposed method and to demonstrate the benefits provided by the discrete cosine transform compression. To this end, we compare the outcomes of the implemented approach with those provided by a differential evolution Markov chain algorithm running in the full, un-reduced model space. Then, we apply the method to invert field data acquired along a river embankment. The results yielded by the implemented approach are also benchmarked against a standard local inversion algorithm. The proposed Bayesian inversion provides posterior mean models in agreement with the predictions achieved by the gradient-based inversion, but it also provides model uncertainties, which can be used for penetration depth and resolution limit identification.
2021
Vinciguerra, Alessandro; Aleardi, Mattia; Hojat, Azadeh; Heng Loke, Meng; Stucchi, Eusebio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1112548
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