Background: Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) are differentiated by the time of onset of cognitive and motor symptoms ('1-year rule'). We explored the neuropsychological continuum of DLB and PDD subjects with different timing of dementia onset. Objective: Our aim was to compare the neuropsychological profile of DLB and PDD patients with different timing of dementia onset. Methods: Neuropsychological findings at the diagnosis of dementia of 66 PDD and 42 DLB patients were retrospectively compared. Patients with PDD were divided into three tertile subgroups according to the time interval between the onset of parkinsonism and dementia (N=24, 2-4 years; N=17, 5-7 years; N=25 ≥8 years, respectively). Results: DLB patients performed worse on the Stroop and semantic fluency tests than PDD, even in comparison to PD with early dementia onset. No significant differences among PDD subgroups were reported. Conclusion: Executive and semantic language tests could differentiate DLB and PD patients with earlier development of dementia relative to parkinsonism.

Dissecting the Interplay between Time of Dementia and Cognitive Profiles in Lewy Body Dementias

Palermo G.
Primo
;
Belli E.
Secondo
;
Tommasini L.;Frosini D.;Nicoletti V.;Tognoni G.;Siciliano G.;Bonuccelli U.;Baldacci F.
Penultimo
;
Ceravolo R.
Ultimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) are differentiated by the time of onset of cognitive and motor symptoms ('1-year rule'). We explored the neuropsychological continuum of DLB and PDD subjects with different timing of dementia onset. Objective: Our aim was to compare the neuropsychological profile of DLB and PDD patients with different timing of dementia onset. Methods: Neuropsychological findings at the diagnosis of dementia of 66 PDD and 42 DLB patients were retrospectively compared. Patients with PDD were divided into three tertile subgroups according to the time interval between the onset of parkinsonism and dementia (N=24, 2-4 years; N=17, 5-7 years; N=25 ≥8 years, respectively). Results: DLB patients performed worse on the Stroop and semantic fluency tests than PDD, even in comparison to PD with early dementia onset. No significant differences among PDD subgroups were reported. Conclusion: Executive and semantic language tests could differentiate DLB and PD patients with earlier development of dementia relative to parkinsonism.
Palermo, G.; Belli, E.; Tommasini, L.; Morganti, R.; Frosini, D.; Nicoletti, V.; Tognoni, G.; Siciliano, G.; Bonuccelli, U.; Baldacci, F.; Ceravolo, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1115736
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