The Pre‐Mesozoic units exposed in the inner Northern Apennines mostly consist of Pennsylvanian‐Permian successions unconformably deposited on a continental crust consolidated at the end of the Variscan orogenic cycle (Silurian‐Carboniferous). In the inner Northern Apennines, exposures of this continental crust, Cambrian?‐Devonian in age, have been described in Northern Tuscany, Elba Island (Tuscan Archipelago) and, partly, in scattered and isolated outcrops of southern Tuscany. This paper reappraises the most significant succession (i.e., Risanguigno Formation) exposed in southern Tuscany and considered by most authors as part of the Variscan Basement. New stratigraphic and structural studies, coupled with analyses of the organic matter content, allow us to refine the age of the Risanguigno Fm and its geological setting and evolution. Based on the low diversification of palynoflora, the content of sporomorphs, the structural setting and the new field study, this formation is dated as late Tournaisian to Visean (Middle Mississippian) and is not affected by pre‐Alpine deformation. This conclusion, together with the already existing data, clearly indicate that no exposures of rocks involved in the Variscan orogenesis occur in southern Tuscany.

Reconsidering the Variscan Basement of Southern Tuscany (Inner Northern Apennines)

Gabriella Bagnoli;Giancarlo Molli
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The Pre‐Mesozoic units exposed in the inner Northern Apennines mostly consist of Pennsylvanian‐Permian successions unconformably deposited on a continental crust consolidated at the end of the Variscan orogenic cycle (Silurian‐Carboniferous). In the inner Northern Apennines, exposures of this continental crust, Cambrian?‐Devonian in age, have been described in Northern Tuscany, Elba Island (Tuscan Archipelago) and, partly, in scattered and isolated outcrops of southern Tuscany. This paper reappraises the most significant succession (i.e., Risanguigno Formation) exposed in southern Tuscany and considered by most authors as part of the Variscan Basement. New stratigraphic and structural studies, coupled with analyses of the organic matter content, allow us to refine the age of the Risanguigno Fm and its geological setting and evolution. Based on the low diversification of palynoflora, the content of sporomorphs, the structural setting and the new field study, this formation is dated as late Tournaisian to Visean (Middle Mississippian) and is not affected by pre‐Alpine deformation. This conclusion, together with the already existing data, clearly indicate that no exposures of rocks involved in the Variscan orogenesis occur in southern Tuscany.
2021
Capezzuoli, Enrico; Spina, Amalia; Brogi, Andrea; Liotta, Domenico; Bagnoli, Gabriella; Zucchi, Martina; Molli, Giancarlo; Regoli, Renzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1117705
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