Both biochar (B) and vermicompost (V) can provide the soil with soluble organic matter. We evaluated the effect of B in reducing nitrate and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) losses from soil via leaching together with the effect of B combined with V solution (vermiwash) in increasing the efficiency of plant nitrogen. Tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.) were cultivated in a greenhouse with soil under three different amendments (B, V and a mix BV). B was applied at a rate of 2% w/w corresponding to 34 t ha−1. V was applied at 25 mg per plant through fertigation. Leachate and soil were monitored in terms of nitrates and DOC throughout the trial (120 days), and plants and fruits were monitored in terms of nitrogen balance index (NBI) and dry matter biomass. B and BV significantly decreased NO3–_N content in the leachate in all recovered times by 66.8% and 71.3%, respectively. In contrast, the absence of biochar in the V treatment led to a 38.1% increase in NO3–_N concentration. Similar results were found for DOC content. The dry biomass of plants increased in B and BV treatments by 19.5 and 28.7%, respectively. The dry biomass of tomato fruits was enhanced by 18.5, 12.1, and 37% in V, B and BV treatments, respectively. Synergisms were found between the char material and complex organic compounds derived from the vermicompost process in terms of safeguarding the quality of the soil, the underground water, and the sustainability of crops. © 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Effects of combined biochar and vermicompost solution on leachate characterization and nitrogen balance from a greenhouse tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cultivation soil

Becagli M.;Guglielminetti L.;Cardelli R.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Both biochar (B) and vermicompost (V) can provide the soil with soluble organic matter. We evaluated the effect of B in reducing nitrate and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) losses from soil via leaching together with the effect of B combined with V solution (vermiwash) in increasing the efficiency of plant nitrogen. Tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.) were cultivated in a greenhouse with soil under three different amendments (B, V and a mix BV). B was applied at a rate of 2% w/w corresponding to 34 t ha−1. V was applied at 25 mg per plant through fertigation. Leachate and soil were monitored in terms of nitrates and DOC throughout the trial (120 days), and plants and fruits were monitored in terms of nitrogen balance index (NBI) and dry matter biomass. B and BV significantly decreased NO3–_N content in the leachate in all recovered times by 66.8% and 71.3%, respectively. In contrast, the absence of biochar in the V treatment led to a 38.1% increase in NO3–_N concentration. Similar results were found for DOC content. The dry biomass of plants increased in B and BV treatments by 19.5 and 28.7%, respectively. The dry biomass of tomato fruits was enhanced by 18.5, 12.1, and 37% in V, B and BV treatments, respectively. Synergisms were found between the char material and complex organic compounds derived from the vermicompost process in terms of safeguarding the quality of the soil, the underground water, and the sustainability of crops. © 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
2021
Becagli, M.; Guglielminetti, L.; Cardelli, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1117897
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