Water-soluble amphiphilic random copolymers composed of tri(ethylene glycol) meth-acrylate (TEGMA) or poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMA) and perfluoro-hexylethyl acrylate (FA) were synthesized by ARGET-ATRP, and their self-assembling and ther-moresponsive behavior in water was studied by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and UV-vis spec-troscopy. The copolymer ability to self-fold in single-chain nano-sized structures (unimer micelles) in aqueous solutions was exploited to encapsulate Combretastatin A-4 (CA-4), which is a very hy-drophobic anticancer drug. The cloud point temperature (Tcp) was found to linearly decrease with increasing drug concentration in the drug/copolymer system. Moreover, while CA-4 was preferen-tially incorporated into the unimer micelles of TEGMA-ran-FA, the drug was found to induce mul-ti-chain, submicro-sized aggregation of PEGMA-ran-FA. Anyway, the encapsulation efficiency was very high (≥81%) for both copolymers. The drug release was evaluated in PBS aqueous solutions both below and above Tcp for TEGMA-ran-FA copolymer and below Tcp, but at two different drug loadings, for PEGMA-ran-FA copolymer. In any case, the release kinetics presented similar profiles, characterized by linear trends up to ≈10–13 h and ≈7 h for TEGMA-ran-FA and PEGMA-ran-FA, respectively. Then, the release rate decreased, reaching a plateau. The release from TEG-MA-ran-FA was moderately faster above Tcp than below Tcp, suggesting that copolymer ther-moresponsiveness increased the release rate, which occurred anyway by diffusion below Tcp. Cy-totoxicity tests were carried out on copolymer solutions in a wide concentration range (5–60 mg/mL) at 37 °C by using Balb/3T3 clone A31 cells. Interestingly, it was found that the concentra-tion-dependent micro-sized aggregation of the amphiphilic random copolymers above Tcp caused a sort of “cellular asphyxiation” with a loss of cell viability clearly visible for TEGMA-ran-FA solutions (Tcp below 37 °C) with higher copolymer concentrations. On the other hand, cells in contact with the analogous PEGMA-ran-FA (Tcp above 37 °C) presented a very good viability (≥75%) with respect to the control at any given concentration.

Self-Assembled Amphiphilic Fluorinated Random Copolymers for the Encapsulation and Release of the Hydrophobic Combretastatin A-4 Drug

Guazzelli E.;Lessi M.;Bellina F.;Martinelli E.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Water-soluble amphiphilic random copolymers composed of tri(ethylene glycol) meth-acrylate (TEGMA) or poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMA) and perfluoro-hexylethyl acrylate (FA) were synthesized by ARGET-ATRP, and their self-assembling and ther-moresponsive behavior in water was studied by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and UV-vis spec-troscopy. The copolymer ability to self-fold in single-chain nano-sized structures (unimer micelles) in aqueous solutions was exploited to encapsulate Combretastatin A-4 (CA-4), which is a very hy-drophobic anticancer drug. The cloud point temperature (Tcp) was found to linearly decrease with increasing drug concentration in the drug/copolymer system. Moreover, while CA-4 was preferen-tially incorporated into the unimer micelles of TEGMA-ran-FA, the drug was found to induce mul-ti-chain, submicro-sized aggregation of PEGMA-ran-FA. Anyway, the encapsulation efficiency was very high (≥81%) for both copolymers. The drug release was evaluated in PBS aqueous solutions both below and above Tcp for TEGMA-ran-FA copolymer and below Tcp, but at two different drug loadings, for PEGMA-ran-FA copolymer. In any case, the release kinetics presented similar profiles, characterized by linear trends up to ≈10–13 h and ≈7 h for TEGMA-ran-FA and PEGMA-ran-FA, respectively. Then, the release rate decreased, reaching a plateau. The release from TEG-MA-ran-FA was moderately faster above Tcp than below Tcp, suggesting that copolymer ther-moresponsiveness increased the release rate, which occurred anyway by diffusion below Tcp. Cy-totoxicity tests were carried out on copolymer solutions in a wide concentration range (5–60 mg/mL) at 37 °C by using Balb/3T3 clone A31 cells. Interestingly, it was found that the concentra-tion-dependent micro-sized aggregation of the amphiphilic random copolymers above Tcp caused a sort of “cellular asphyxiation” with a loss of cell viability clearly visible for TEGMA-ran-FA solutions (Tcp below 37 °C) with higher copolymer concentrations. On the other hand, cells in contact with the analogous PEGMA-ran-FA (Tcp above 37 °C) presented a very good viability (≥75%) with respect to the control at any given concentration.
2022
Calosi, M.; Guazzelli, E.; Braccini, S.; Lessi, M.; Bellina, F.; Galli, G.; Martinelli, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1134900
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