Robotic-assisted pulmonary resection has greatly increased over the last few years, yet data on the application of robotic surgery in high-risk patients are still lacking. The objective of this study is to evaluate the perioperative outcomes in ASA III-IV patients who underwent robotic-assisted lung resection for NSCLC. Between January 2010 and December 2017, we retrospectively collected the data of 148 high-risk patients who underwent lung resection for NSCLC via a robotic approach at our institution. For this study, the prediction of operative risk was based on the ASA-PS score, considering patients in ASA III and IV classes as high-risk patients: of the 148 high-risk patients identified, 146 patients were classified as ASA III (44.8%) and two as ASA IV (0.2%). Possible prognostic factors were also analysed. The average hospital stay was 6 days (8–30). Post-operative complications were observed in 87 (58.8%) patients. Patients with moderate/severe COPD developed in 33 (80.5%) cases post-operative complications, while elderly patients in 25 (55%) cases, with a greater incidence of high-grade complications. No difference was observed when comparing the data of obese and non-obese patients. Robotic surgery appears to be associated with satisfying post-operative results in ASA III-IV patients. Both marginal respiratory function and advanced age represent negative prognostic factors. Due to its safety and efficacy, robotic surgery can be considered the treatment of choice in high-risk patients.

Robotic surgery for non-small cell lung cancer treatment in high-risk patients

Romano G.;Sicolo E.;Cariello C.;Morganti R.;Davini F.;Melfi F.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Robotic-assisted pulmonary resection has greatly increased over the last few years, yet data on the application of robotic surgery in high-risk patients are still lacking. The objective of this study is to evaluate the perioperative outcomes in ASA III-IV patients who underwent robotic-assisted lung resection for NSCLC. Between January 2010 and December 2017, we retrospectively collected the data of 148 high-risk patients who underwent lung resection for NSCLC via a robotic approach at our institution. For this study, the prediction of operative risk was based on the ASA-PS score, considering patients in ASA III and IV classes as high-risk patients: of the 148 high-risk patients identified, 146 patients were classified as ASA III (44.8%) and two as ASA IV (0.2%). Possible prognostic factors were also analysed. The average hospital stay was 6 days (8–30). Post-operative complications were observed in 87 (58.8%) patients. Patients with moderate/severe COPD developed in 33 (80.5%) cases post-operative complications, while elderly patients in 25 (55%) cases, with a greater incidence of high-grade complications. No difference was observed when comparing the data of obese and non-obese patients. Robotic surgery appears to be associated with satisfying post-operative results in ASA III-IV patients. Both marginal respiratory function and advanced age represent negative prognostic factors. Due to its safety and efficacy, robotic surgery can be considered the treatment of choice in high-risk patients.
2021
Zirafa, C. C.; Romano, G.; Sicolo, E.; Cariello, C.; Morganti, R.; Conoscenti, L.; Hung-Key, T.; Davini, F.; Melfi, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1136297
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