This paper presents a study on the pyrolytic behavior of mixtures of lignocellulosic biomass with hydrocarbon plastics using analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS. Semi-quantitative analysis using chromatographic peak areas was used to investigate the composition of the pyrolysis oils and to highlight the occurrence of synergistic effects. A new method is also proposed to estimate the elemental composition of the pyrolysis oil based on the peak areas and brute formulas of the pyrolysis products. The results indicate that synergistic effects during co-pyrolysis favor secondary pyrolysis of holocellulose and polystyrene oligomers, and hinder radical chain-scission of polyethylene chains. H/C and O/C values of the pyrolysis oils were improved by the addition of plastic, indicating a decrease in the content of oxygenated pyrolysis products. The best performances were observed for the mixture containing 70% fir wood and 30% polyethylene, in which synergistic effects led to both an increase of H/C and a decrease of O/C.

Co-pyrolysis of biomass and plastic: Synergistic effects and estimation of elemental composition of pyrolysis oil by analytical pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

Nardella, Federica
Primo
;
Mattonai, Marco
;
Ribechini, Erika
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

This paper presents a study on the pyrolytic behavior of mixtures of lignocellulosic biomass with hydrocarbon plastics using analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS. Semi-quantitative analysis using chromatographic peak areas was used to investigate the composition of the pyrolysis oils and to highlight the occurrence of synergistic effects. A new method is also proposed to estimate the elemental composition of the pyrolysis oil based on the peak areas and brute formulas of the pyrolysis products. The results indicate that synergistic effects during co-pyrolysis favor secondary pyrolysis of holocellulose and polystyrene oligomers, and hinder radical chain-scission of polyethylene chains. H/C and O/C values of the pyrolysis oils were improved by the addition of plastic, indicating a decrease in the content of oxygenated pyrolysis products. The best performances were observed for the mixture containing 70% fir wood and 30% polyethylene, in which synergistic effects led to both an increase of H/C and a decrease of O/C.
2022
Nardella, Federica; Bellavia, Simona; Mattonai, Marco; Ribechini, Erika
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1139128
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