Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients have poor chances of long term survival, being < 15% of them still alive after 5 years from diagnosis. Nonetheless, patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) may be eligible for metastases resection thus being able to achieve long-term disease remission and survival. The likelihood for patients with CRLM of being or becoming eligible for liver metastasectomy is increasing, thanks to the evolution of surgical techniques, the availability of active systemic treatments and the widespread diffusion of experienced multidisciplinary boards to manage these patients. However, disease relapse after liver surgery is common and occurs in two-thirds of resected patients. Therefore, adequate radiological staging and risk stratification is crucial for the optimal selection of patients candidate to surgery in order to maximize the benefit-risk ratio of liver metastasectomy and to individualize the treatment strategy. Based on the multidimensional assessment, three possible approaches are available: upfront liver surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy, perioperative chemotherapy preceding and following liver surgery, and an upfront systemic treatment including chemotherapy plus a targeted agent, both chosen according to patients’ and tumours’ characteristics, then followed by liver surgery if indicated. In this review, we describe the most important factors impacting the therapeutic choices in patients with resectable and potentially resectable CRLM, and we discuss the most promising factors that may reshape the future decision-making process of these patients.

The management of colorectal liver metastases amenable of surgical resection: How to shape treatment strategies according to clinical, radiological, pathological and molecular features

Germani M. M.;Borelli B.;Boraschi P.;Antoniotti C.;Ugolini C.;Urbani L.;Fontanini G.;Masi G.;Cremolini C.;Moretto R.
2022

Abstract

Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients have poor chances of long term survival, being < 15% of them still alive after 5 years from diagnosis. Nonetheless, patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) may be eligible for metastases resection thus being able to achieve long-term disease remission and survival. The likelihood for patients with CRLM of being or becoming eligible for liver metastasectomy is increasing, thanks to the evolution of surgical techniques, the availability of active systemic treatments and the widespread diffusion of experienced multidisciplinary boards to manage these patients. However, disease relapse after liver surgery is common and occurs in two-thirds of resected patients. Therefore, adequate radiological staging and risk stratification is crucial for the optimal selection of patients candidate to surgery in order to maximize the benefit-risk ratio of liver metastasectomy and to individualize the treatment strategy. Based on the multidimensional assessment, three possible approaches are available: upfront liver surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy, perioperative chemotherapy preceding and following liver surgery, and an upfront systemic treatment including chemotherapy plus a targeted agent, both chosen according to patients’ and tumours’ characteristics, then followed by liver surgery if indicated. In this review, we describe the most important factors impacting the therapeutic choices in patients with resectable and potentially resectable CRLM, and we discuss the most promising factors that may reshape the future decision-making process of these patients.
Germani, M. M.; Borelli, B.; Boraschi, P.; Antoniotti, C.; Ugolini, C.; Urbani, L.; Morelli, L.; Fontanini, G.; Masi, G.; Cremolini, C.; Moretto, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1142494
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