This paper deals with the development of a novel fault‐tolerant control technique aiming at the diagnosis and accommodation of inter‐turn short circuit faults in permanent magnet synchronous motors for lightweight UAV propulsion. The reference motor is driven by a four‐leg converter, which can be reconfigured in case of a phase fault by enabling the control of the central point of the motor Y‐connection. A crucial design point entails the development of fault detection and isolation (FDI) algorithms capable of minimizing the failure transients and avoiding the short circuit extension. The proposed fault‐tolerant control is composed of two sections: the first one applies a novel FDI algorithm for short circuit faults based on the trajectory tracking of the motor current phasor in the Clarke plane; the second one implements the fault accommodation, by applying a reference frame transformation technique to the post‐fault commands. The control effectiveness is assessed via nonlinear simulations by characterizing the FDI latency and the post‐fault performances. The proposed technique demonstrates excellent potentialities: the FDI algorithm simultaneously detects and isolates the considered faults, even with very limited extensions, during both stationary and unsteady operating conditions. In addition, the proposed accommodation technique is very effective in minimizing the post‐fault torque ripples.

Novel approach to fault-tolerant control of inter-turn short circuits in permanent magnet synchronous motors for UAV propellers

Suti, A.
Co-primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Di Rito, G.
Co-primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Galatolo, R.
Supervision
2022

Abstract

This paper deals with the development of a novel fault‐tolerant control technique aiming at the diagnosis and accommodation of inter‐turn short circuit faults in permanent magnet synchronous motors for lightweight UAV propulsion. The reference motor is driven by a four‐leg converter, which can be reconfigured in case of a phase fault by enabling the control of the central point of the motor Y‐connection. A crucial design point entails the development of fault detection and isolation (FDI) algorithms capable of minimizing the failure transients and avoiding the short circuit extension. The proposed fault‐tolerant control is composed of two sections: the first one applies a novel FDI algorithm for short circuit faults based on the trajectory tracking of the motor current phasor in the Clarke plane; the second one implements the fault accommodation, by applying a reference frame transformation technique to the post‐fault commands. The control effectiveness is assessed via nonlinear simulations by characterizing the FDI latency and the post‐fault performances. The proposed technique demonstrates excellent potentialities: the FDI algorithm simultaneously detects and isolates the considered faults, even with very limited extensions, during both stationary and unsteady operating conditions. In addition, the proposed accommodation technique is very effective in minimizing the post‐fault torque ripples.
Suti, A.; Di Rito, G.; Galatolo, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/1149620
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