Objectives This study sought to assess the rate of progression of fibrosis by 2 consecutive cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) examinations and its relation with clinical variables.Background In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) myocardial fibrosis, detected by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), is associated to a progressive ventricular dysfunction and worse prognosis.Methods A total of 55 HCM patients (37 males; mean age 43 +/- 18 years) underwent 2 CMR examinations (CMR-1 and CMR-2) separated by an interval of 719 +/- 410 days. Extent of LGE was measured, and the rate of progression of LGE (LGE-rate) was calculated as the ratio between the increment of LGE (in grams) and the time (months) between the CMR examinations.Results At CMR-1, LGE was detected in 45 subjects, with an extent of 13.3 +/- 15.2 g. At CMR-2, 53 (96.4%) patients had LGE, with an extent of 24.6 +/- 27.5 g. In 44 patients, LGE extent increased significantly (>= 1 g). Patients with apical HCM had higher increments of LGE (p = 0.004) and LGE-rate (p < 0.001) than those with other patterns of hypertrophy. The extent of LGE at CMR-1 and the apical pattern of hypertrophy were independent predictors of the increment of LGE. Patients with worsened New York Heart Association functional class presented higher increase of LGE (p = 0.031) and LGE-rate (p < 0.05) than those with preserved functional status.Conclusions Myocardial fibrosis in HCM is a progressive and fast phenomenon. LGE increment, related to a worse clinical status, is more extensive in apical hypertrophy than in other patterns. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;60:922-9) (C) 2012 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation

Progression of Myocardial Fibrosis Assessed With Cardiac Magnetic Resonance in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Giovanni Donato Aquaro
;
Paolo Piaggi;Francesco Formisano;Andrea Barison;Mario Marzilli;Alessandro Pingitore;
2012-01-01

Abstract

Objectives This study sought to assess the rate of progression of fibrosis by 2 consecutive cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) examinations and its relation with clinical variables.Background In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) myocardial fibrosis, detected by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), is associated to a progressive ventricular dysfunction and worse prognosis.Methods A total of 55 HCM patients (37 males; mean age 43 +/- 18 years) underwent 2 CMR examinations (CMR-1 and CMR-2) separated by an interval of 719 +/- 410 days. Extent of LGE was measured, and the rate of progression of LGE (LGE-rate) was calculated as the ratio between the increment of LGE (in grams) and the time (months) between the CMR examinations.Results At CMR-1, LGE was detected in 45 subjects, with an extent of 13.3 +/- 15.2 g. At CMR-2, 53 (96.4%) patients had LGE, with an extent of 24.6 +/- 27.5 g. In 44 patients, LGE extent increased significantly (>= 1 g). Patients with apical HCM had higher increments of LGE (p = 0.004) and LGE-rate (p < 0.001) than those with other patterns of hypertrophy. The extent of LGE at CMR-1 and the apical pattern of hypertrophy were independent predictors of the increment of LGE. Patients with worsened New York Heart Association functional class presented higher increase of LGE (p = 0.031) and LGE-rate (p < 0.05) than those with preserved functional status.Conclusions Myocardial fibrosis in HCM is a progressive and fast phenomenon. LGE increment, related to a worse clinical status, is more extensive in apical hypertrophy than in other patterns. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2012;60:922-9) (C) 2012 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
2012
Todiere, Giancarlo; Aquaro, GIOVANNI DONATO; Piaggi, Paolo; Formisano, Francesco; Barison, Andrea; Giorgio Masci, Pier; Strata, Elisabetta; Bacigalupo, Lorenzo; Marzilli, Mario; Pingitore, Alessandro; Lombardi, Massimo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1156058
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