DIRECT (Diabetes Incidence after Renal Transplantation: Neoral C-2 Monitoring Versus Tacrolimus) was a 6-month, open-label, randomized, multicenter study which used American Diabetes Association/World Health Organization criteria to define glucose abnormalities. De novo renal transplant patients were randomized to cyclosporine microemulsion (CsA-ME, using C-2 monitoring) or tacrolimus, with mycophenolic acid, steroids and basiliximab. The intent-to-treat population comprised 682 patients (336 CsA-ME, 346 tacrolimus): 567 were nondiabetic at baseline. Demographics, diabetes risk factors and steroid doses were similar between treatment groups. The primary safety endpoint, new-onset diabetes after transplant (NODAT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG) at 6 months, occurred in 73 CsA-ME patients (26.0%) and 96 tacrolimus patients (33.6%, p = 0.046). The primary efficacy endpoint, biopsy-proven acute rejection, graft loss or death at 6 months, occurred in 43 CsA-ME patients (12.8%) and 34 tacrolimus patients (9.8%, p = 0.211). Mean glomerular filtration rate (Cockcroft-Gault) was 63.6 +/- 20.7 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in the CsA-ME cohort and 65.9 +/- 23.1 mL/min/1.73 m(2) with tacrolimus (p = 0.285); mean serum creatinine was 139 +/- 58 and 133 +/- 57 mu mol/L, respectively (p = 0.005). Blood pressure was similar between treatment groups at month 6, but total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher with CsA than with tacrolimus (total cholesterol:HDL remained unchanged). The profile and incidence of adverse events were similar between treatments. The incidence of NODAT or IFG at 6 months post-transplant is significantly lower with CsA-ME than with tacrolimus without a significant difference in short-term outcome.
|Autori:||Vincenti F; Friman S; Scheuermann E; Rostaing L; Jenssen T; Campistol JM; Uchida K; Pescovitz MD; Marchetti P; Tuncer M; Citterio F; Wiecek A; Chadban S; El-Shahawy M; Budde K; Goto N|
|Titolo:||Results of an international, randomized trial comparing glucose metabolism disorders and outcome with cyclosporine versus tacrolimus|
|Anno del prodotto:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1600-6143.2007.01749.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|