The Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background (SGWB) is expected to be a key observable for Gravitational-Wave (GW) interferometry. Its detection will open a new window on early Universe cosmology, on the astrophysics of compact objects and, as shown in this Letter, on the particle physics content of the Universe. In this Letter we show that, besides their effects on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and on Large Scale Structure (LSS), relativistic particles in the early Universe leave a clear imprint on the anisotropies of the SGWB. In particular we show that a change in the number of decoupled relativistic particles shifts the angular power spectrum of the SGWB, as both the Sachs-Wolfe (SW) and the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) terms are affected. Being very large-angle effects, these lead to new testable predictions for future GW interferometers.

The Imprint of Relativistic Particles on the Anisotropies of the Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background

A. Ricciardone;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background (SGWB) is expected to be a key observable for Gravitational-Wave (GW) interferometry. Its detection will open a new window on early Universe cosmology, on the astrophysics of compact objects and, as shown in this Letter, on the particle physics content of the Universe. In this Letter we show that, besides their effects on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) and on Large Scale Structure (LSS), relativistic particles in the early Universe leave a clear imprint on the anisotropies of the SGWB. In particular we show that a change in the number of decoupled relativistic particles shifts the angular power spectrum of the SGWB, as both the Sachs-Wolfe (SW) and the Integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) terms are affected. Being very large-angle effects, these lead to new testable predictions for future GW interferometers.
2020
Valbusa Dall’Armi, L.; Ricciardone, A.; Bartolo, N.; Bertacca, D.; Matarrese, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1167509
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