: The rechallenge strategy is based on the concept that a subset of patients with RAS wild-type (WT) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) could still benefit of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition, after progression to an anti-EGFR based-therapy. We performed a pooled analysis of two-phase II prospective trials to determine the role of rechallenge in third-line mCRC patients with RAS/BRAF WT baseline circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA). Individual data of 33 and 13 patients from CAVE and CRICKET trials that received as third-line therapy cetuximab rechallenge were collected. Overall survival (OS), Progression-free survival (PFS), Overall response rate (ORR), Stable disease (SD) >6 months were calculated. Adverse events were reported. For the whole 46 patient population, median PFS (mPFS) was 3.9 months (95% Confidence Interval, CI 3.0-4.9) with median OS (mOS) of 16.9 months (95% CI 11.7-22.1). For CRICKET patients, mPFS was 3.9 months (95% CI 1.7-6.2); mOS was 13.1 months (95% CI 7.3-18.9) with OS rates at 12, 18, and 24 months of 62%, 23%, and 0%, respectively. For CAVE patients, mPFS was 4.1 months (95% CI 3.0-5.2); mOS was 18.6 months (95% CI 11.7-25.4) with OS rates at 12, 18, 24 months of 61%, 52%, 21%, respectively. Skin rash was more frequently reported in CAVE trial (87.9% vs. 30.8%; p = 0.001), whereas a increased incidence of hematological toxicities was observed in CRICKET trial (53.8%% vs. 12.1%; p = 0.003). Third-line cetuximab rechallenge in combination with either irinotecan or avelumab in RAS/BRAF WT ctDNA mCRC patients represents a promising therapy.

Cetuximab as third-line rechallenge plus either irinotecan or avelumab is an effective treatment in metastatic colorectal cancer patients with baseline plasma RAS/BRAF wild-type circulating tumor DNA: Individual patient data pooled analysis of CRICKET and CAVE trials

Antoniotti, C;Del Re, M;Masi, G;Cremolini, C;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: The rechallenge strategy is based on the concept that a subset of patients with RAS wild-type (WT) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) could still benefit of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibition, after progression to an anti-EGFR based-therapy. We performed a pooled analysis of two-phase II prospective trials to determine the role of rechallenge in third-line mCRC patients with RAS/BRAF WT baseline circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA). Individual data of 33 and 13 patients from CAVE and CRICKET trials that received as third-line therapy cetuximab rechallenge were collected. Overall survival (OS), Progression-free survival (PFS), Overall response rate (ORR), Stable disease (SD) >6 months were calculated. Adverse events were reported. For the whole 46 patient population, median PFS (mPFS) was 3.9 months (95% Confidence Interval, CI 3.0-4.9) with median OS (mOS) of 16.9 months (95% CI 11.7-22.1). For CRICKET patients, mPFS was 3.9 months (95% CI 1.7-6.2); mOS was 13.1 months (95% CI 7.3-18.9) with OS rates at 12, 18, and 24 months of 62%, 23%, and 0%, respectively. For CAVE patients, mPFS was 4.1 months (95% CI 3.0-5.2); mOS was 18.6 months (95% CI 11.7-25.4) with OS rates at 12, 18, 24 months of 61%, 52%, 21%, respectively. Skin rash was more frequently reported in CAVE trial (87.9% vs. 30.8%; p = 0.001), whereas a increased incidence of hematological toxicities was observed in CRICKET trial (53.8%% vs. 12.1%; p = 0.003). Third-line cetuximab rechallenge in combination with either irinotecan or avelumab in RAS/BRAF WT ctDNA mCRC patients represents a promising therapy.
2023
Martini, G; Ciardiello, D; Famiglietti, V; Rossini, D; Antoniotti, C; Troiani, T; Napolitano, S; Esposito, L; Latiano, T P; Maiello, E; Del Re, M; Lonardi, S; Aprile, G; Santini, D; Masi, G; Avallone, A; Normanno, N; Pietrantonio, F; Pinto, C; Ciardiello, F; Cremolini, C; Martinelli, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1169589
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