: ESR1 mutations contribute to endocrine resistance and occur in a high percentage of hormone-receptor-positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer (mBC) cases. Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors (CDK4/6i) changed the treatment landscape of HR+ mBC, as they are able to overcome estrogen resistance. The present retrospective study investigates the clinical benefit of CDK4/6i in ESR1 mutant HR+ mBC patients treated with a CDK4/6i as first- or second-line therapy. Plasma was collected at baseline prior to CDK4/6i plus hormone therapy as a first- or second-line treatment. Circulating free DNA (cfDNA) was extracted from plasma, and ESR1 mutation analysis was performed on a ddPCR. Statistical analyses were performed to investigate the predictive power of ESR1 mutations and any association with clinical factors. A total of 42 patients with mBC treated with CDK4/6i plus endocrine therapy as first- (n = 35) or second-line (n = 7) were enrolled. Twenty-eight patients received hormonal therapy (AI or tamoxifen) in the adjuvant setting. ESR1 mutation status in blood was associated with shorter median disease-free survival (DFS) (30 vs. 110 months; p = 0.006). Multivariate analysis confirmed ESR1 mutations as independent factors of resistance in adjuvant hormone therapy. On the contrary, no difference in progression-free survival (PFS) was observed in the presence or absence of an ESR1 mutation in patients treated with CDK4/6i as first-line treatment (p = 0.29). No statistically significant correlation between the best response to CDK4/6i and ESR1 mutation was found (p = 0.46). This study indicates that the ESR1 mutation detected in cfDNA is an independent predictive factor of clinical recurrence in the adjuvant setting and that CDK4/6i can overcome ESR1-dependent resistance.

CDK4/6 Inhibitors Overcome Endocrine ESR1 Mutation-Related Resistance in Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients

Crucitta, Stefania
Co-primo
;
Ruglioni, Martina
Co-primo
;
Lorenzini, Giulia;Bargagna, Irene;Luculli, Giovanna Irene;Albanese, Irene;Bilancio, Diana;Patanè, Francesca;Fontana, Andrea;Danesi, Romano
;
Del Re, Marzia
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

: ESR1 mutations contribute to endocrine resistance and occur in a high percentage of hormone-receptor-positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer (mBC) cases. Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors (CDK4/6i) changed the treatment landscape of HR+ mBC, as they are able to overcome estrogen resistance. The present retrospective study investigates the clinical benefit of CDK4/6i in ESR1 mutant HR+ mBC patients treated with a CDK4/6i as first- or second-line therapy. Plasma was collected at baseline prior to CDK4/6i plus hormone therapy as a first- or second-line treatment. Circulating free DNA (cfDNA) was extracted from plasma, and ESR1 mutation analysis was performed on a ddPCR. Statistical analyses were performed to investigate the predictive power of ESR1 mutations and any association with clinical factors. A total of 42 patients with mBC treated with CDK4/6i plus endocrine therapy as first- (n = 35) or second-line (n = 7) were enrolled. Twenty-eight patients received hormonal therapy (AI or tamoxifen) in the adjuvant setting. ESR1 mutation status in blood was associated with shorter median disease-free survival (DFS) (30 vs. 110 months; p = 0.006). Multivariate analysis confirmed ESR1 mutations as independent factors of resistance in adjuvant hormone therapy. On the contrary, no difference in progression-free survival (PFS) was observed in the presence or absence of an ESR1 mutation in patients treated with CDK4/6i as first-line treatment (p = 0.29). No statistically significant correlation between the best response to CDK4/6i and ESR1 mutation was found (p = 0.46). This study indicates that the ESR1 mutation detected in cfDNA is an independent predictive factor of clinical recurrence in the adjuvant setting and that CDK4/6i can overcome ESR1-dependent resistance.
2023
Crucitta, Stefania; Ruglioni, Martina; Lorenzini, Giulia; Bargagna, Irene; Luculli, Giovanna Irene; Albanese, Irene; Bilancio, Diana; Patanè, Francesc...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1169627
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