A marked reorganization of internal membranes occurs in the cytoplasm of cells infected by single stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. Most cell compartments change their asset to provide lipids for membrane rear-rangement into replication organelles, where to concentrate viral proteins and enzymes while hiding from pathogen pattern recognition molecules. Because the endoplasmic reticulum is a central hub for lipid meta-bolism, when viruses hijack the organelle to form their replication organelles, a cascade of events change the intracellular environment. This results in a marked increase in lipid consumption, both by lipolysis and lip-ophagy of lipid droplets. In addition, lipids are used to produce energy for viral replication. At the same time, inflammation is started by signalling lipids, where lysosomal processing plays a relevant role. This review is aimed at providing an overview on what takes place after human class IV viruses have released their genome into the host cell and the consequences on lipid metabolism, including lysosomes.

Lipid balance remodelling by human positive-strand RNA viruses and the contribution of lysosomes

Lai, Michele;De Carli, Alessandro;Filipponi, Carolina;Iacono, Elena;La Rocca, Veronica;Lottini, Giulia;Piazza, Carmen Rita;Quaranta, Paola;Sidoti, Maria;Pistello, Mauro;Freer, Giulia
2022-01-01

Abstract

A marked reorganization of internal membranes occurs in the cytoplasm of cells infected by single stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. Most cell compartments change their asset to provide lipids for membrane rear-rangement into replication organelles, where to concentrate viral proteins and enzymes while hiding from pathogen pattern recognition molecules. Because the endoplasmic reticulum is a central hub for lipid meta-bolism, when viruses hijack the organelle to form their replication organelles, a cascade of events change the intracellular environment. This results in a marked increase in lipid consumption, both by lipolysis and lip-ophagy of lipid droplets. In addition, lipids are used to produce energy for viral replication. At the same time, inflammation is started by signalling lipids, where lysosomal processing plays a relevant role. This review is aimed at providing an overview on what takes place after human class IV viruses have released their genome into the host cell and the consequences on lipid metabolism, including lysosomes.
2022
Lai, Michele; De Carli, Alessandro; Filipponi, Carolina; Iacono, Elena; La Rocca, Veronica; Lottini, Giulia; Piazza, Carmen Rita; Quaranta, Paola; Sidoti, Maria; Pistello, Mauro; Freer, Giulia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1170486
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