In this paper the first complete phytochemical study of Stachys sylvatica (Lamiaceae) aerial parts, collected in Tuscan-Emilian Apennine, is reported. Twenty-three known compounds were isolated from the chloroform, chloroform-methanol 9:1, and methanol extracts; they were subsequently characterized by means of one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1D- and 2D-NMR) and mass spectrometry as six simple phenolic derivatives (chlorogenic acid (1), caffeic acid (2), p-coumaric acid methyl ester (3), niduloic acid (4), hydroxytyrosol (5), tyrosol (6)), one glycosylated aliphatic alcohol (ebracteatoside B (7)), six glycosylated phenylpropanoids (decaffeoyl verbascoside (8), lavandulifolioside (9), betanyoside F (10), verbascoside (11), isoacteoside (12), cystanoside D (13)), four flavonoids (stachyspinoside (14), chrysoeriol 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), naringenin 7-O-(6''-E+Z-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), apigenin 7-O-(6''-E+Z-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside (17)), three lignans (syringaresinol 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (18), pinoresinol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (19), 2-episesaminol 2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (20)), and three ionones (loliolide (21), vomifoliol (22), (3S,5R,6R,7E,9R)-3,5,6,9-tetrahydroxy-7-megastigmene (23)). In addition, a further phenolic derivative (ethyl caffeate (b)) and four carboxylic acids (azelaic acid (a), trihydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (c), trihydroxyoctadecenoic acid (d), and dihydroxydodecadienoic acid (e)) have been tentatively identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to an electrospray ionization source high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometer (UHPLC-ESI-HR-Orbitrap/MS). Chemosystematic relationships between S. sylvatica and other related species were highlighted.

Phytochemical study of Stachys sylvatica (Lamiaceae) aerial parts

L. Peruzzi;A. Braca
;
M. De Leo
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

In this paper the first complete phytochemical study of Stachys sylvatica (Lamiaceae) aerial parts, collected in Tuscan-Emilian Apennine, is reported. Twenty-three known compounds were isolated from the chloroform, chloroform-methanol 9:1, and methanol extracts; they were subsequently characterized by means of one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1D- and 2D-NMR) and mass spectrometry as six simple phenolic derivatives (chlorogenic acid (1), caffeic acid (2), p-coumaric acid methyl ester (3), niduloic acid (4), hydroxytyrosol (5), tyrosol (6)), one glycosylated aliphatic alcohol (ebracteatoside B (7)), six glycosylated phenylpropanoids (decaffeoyl verbascoside (8), lavandulifolioside (9), betanyoside F (10), verbascoside (11), isoacteoside (12), cystanoside D (13)), four flavonoids (stachyspinoside (14), chrysoeriol 7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), naringenin 7-O-(6''-E+Z-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), apigenin 7-O-(6''-E+Z-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside (17)), three lignans (syringaresinol 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (18), pinoresinol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (19), 2-episesaminol 2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (20)), and three ionones (loliolide (21), vomifoliol (22), (3S,5R,6R,7E,9R)-3,5,6,9-tetrahydroxy-7-megastigmene (23)). In addition, a further phenolic derivative (ethyl caffeate (b)) and four carboxylic acids (azelaic acid (a), trihydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (c), trihydroxyoctadecenoic acid (d), and dihydroxydodecadienoic acid (e)) have been tentatively identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to an electrospray ionization source high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometer (UHPLC-ESI-HR-Orbitrap/MS). Chemosystematic relationships between S. sylvatica and other related species were highlighted.
2023
Di Stasi, M.; Dolci, D.; Peruzzi, L.; Braca, A.; De Leo, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1175867
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