Tropospheric ozone (O₃) enrichment caused by human activities can reduce important crop yields with huge economic loss and affect the global carbon cycle and climate change in the coming decades. In this study, two Italian cultivars of durum wheat (Claudio and Mongibello) were exposed to O₃ (80 ppb, 5 h day⁻¹ for 70 consecutive days), with the aim to investigate the changes in yield and biomass, ecophysiological traits, and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values in plants, and to compare the stable isotope responses under environmental stressors. Both cultivars showed a relative O₃ tolerance in terms of photosynthetic performance, but in cultivar Mongibello, O₃ was detrimental to the grain yield and plant biomass. The δ¹³C values in the leaves of plants identified that the impact of O₃ on CO₂ fixation by RuBisCO was dominant. The δ¹⁵N value showed significant differences between treatments in both cultivars at seven days from the beginning of the exposure, which could be considered an early indicator of ozone pollution. Under increasingly frequent extreme climates globally, the relationships among stable isotope data, ecophysiological traits, and agronomic parameters could help breed future cultivars.

The effects of elevated tropospheric ozone on Carbon fixation and stable isotopic signatures of durum wheat cultivars with different biomass and yield stability

Lorenzo Cotrozzi;Cristina Nali;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Tropospheric ozone (O₃) enrichment caused by human activities can reduce important crop yields with huge economic loss and affect the global carbon cycle and climate change in the coming decades. In this study, two Italian cultivars of durum wheat (Claudio and Mongibello) were exposed to O₃ (80 ppb, 5 h day⁻¹ for 70 consecutive days), with the aim to investigate the changes in yield and biomass, ecophysiological traits, and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values in plants, and to compare the stable isotope responses under environmental stressors. Both cultivars showed a relative O₃ tolerance in terms of photosynthetic performance, but in cultivar Mongibello, O₃ was detrimental to the grain yield and plant biomass. The δ¹³C values in the leaves of plants identified that the impact of O₃ on CO₂ fixation by RuBisCO was dominant. The δ¹⁵N value showed significant differences between treatments in both cultivars at seven days from the beginning of the exposure, which could be considered an early indicator of ozone pollution. Under increasingly frequent extreme climates globally, the relationships among stable isotope data, ecophysiological traits, and agronomic parameters could help breed future cultivars.
2022
Ma, Limin; Chen, Chong; Cotrozzi, Lorenzo; Bu, Chengcheng; Luo, Jiahong; Yao, Guodong; Chen, Guangyao; Zhang, Weiwei; Nali, Cristina; Lorenzini, Giacomo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1177228
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