Background: Tumor immune cells influence the efficacy of immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and many efforts aim at identifying features of tumor immune microenvironment able to predict benefit from ICIs in proficient mismatch repair (pMMR)/microsatellite stable (MSS) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Methods: We characterized tumor immune cell infiltrate, by assessing tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), Immunoscore, Immunoscore-IC, and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor samples of patients with mCRC enrolled in the AtezoTRIBE study, a phase II randomized trial comparing FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab/atezolizumab to FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab, with the aim of evaluating the prognostic and predictive value of these features. Results: Out of 218 patients enrolled, 181 (83%), 77 (35%), 157 (72%) and 162 (74%) specimens were successfully tested for TILs, Immunoscore, Immunoscore-IC and PD-L1 expression, respectively, and 69 (38%), 45 (58%), 50 (32%) and 21 (13%) tumors were classified as TILs-high, Immunoscore-high, Immunoscore-IC-high and PD-L1-high, respectively. A poor agreement was observed between TILs and Immunoscore or Immunoscore-IC (K of Cohen <0.20). In the pMMR population, longer progression-free survival (PFS) was reported for Immunoscore-high and Immunoscore-IC-high groups compared with Immunoscore-low (16.4 vs 12.2 months; HR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.99; p=0.049) and Immunoscore-IC-low (14.8 vs 11.5 months; HR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.85; p=0.007), respectively, with a significant interaction effect between treatment arms and Immunoscore-IC (p for interaction: 0.006) and a trend for Immunoscore (p for interaction: 0.13). No PFS difference was shown according to TILs and PD-L1 expression. Consistent results were reported in the overall population. Conclusions: The digital evaluation of tumor immune cell infiltrate by means of Immunoscore-IC or Immunoscore identifies the subset of patients with pMMR mCRC achieving more benefit from the addition of the anti-PD-L1 to the upfront treatment. Immunoscore-IC stands as the most promising predictor of benefit from ICIs.

Dissecting tumor lymphocyte infiltration to predict benefit from immune-checkpoint inhibitors in metastatic colorectal cancer: lessons from the AtezoT RIBE study

Moretto, Roberto;Rossini, Daniele;Antoniotti, Carlotta;Giordano, Mirella;Boccaccino, Alessandra;Ugolini, Clara;Proietti, Agnese;Conca, Veronica;Salvatore, Lisa;Lonardi, Sara;Poma, Anello Marcello;Fontanini, Gabriella;Masi, Gianluca;Cremolini, Chiara
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Tumor immune cells influence the efficacy of immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and many efforts aim at identifying features of tumor immune microenvironment able to predict benefit from ICIs in proficient mismatch repair (pMMR)/microsatellite stable (MSS) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Methods: We characterized tumor immune cell infiltrate, by assessing tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), Immunoscore, Immunoscore-IC, and programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor samples of patients with mCRC enrolled in the AtezoTRIBE study, a phase II randomized trial comparing FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab/atezolizumab to FOLFOXIRI/bevacizumab, with the aim of evaluating the prognostic and predictive value of these features. Results: Out of 218 patients enrolled, 181 (83%), 77 (35%), 157 (72%) and 162 (74%) specimens were successfully tested for TILs, Immunoscore, Immunoscore-IC and PD-L1 expression, respectively, and 69 (38%), 45 (58%), 50 (32%) and 21 (13%) tumors were classified as TILs-high, Immunoscore-high, Immunoscore-IC-high and PD-L1-high, respectively. A poor agreement was observed between TILs and Immunoscore or Immunoscore-IC (K of Cohen <0.20). In the pMMR population, longer progression-free survival (PFS) was reported for Immunoscore-high and Immunoscore-IC-high groups compared with Immunoscore-low (16.4 vs 12.2 months; HR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.99; p=0.049) and Immunoscore-IC-low (14.8 vs 11.5 months; HR: 0.55, 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.85; p=0.007), respectively, with a significant interaction effect between treatment arms and Immunoscore-IC (p for interaction: 0.006) and a trend for Immunoscore (p for interaction: 0.13). No PFS difference was shown according to TILs and PD-L1 expression. Consistent results were reported in the overall population. Conclusions: The digital evaluation of tumor immune cell infiltrate by means of Immunoscore-IC or Immunoscore identifies the subset of patients with pMMR mCRC achieving more benefit from the addition of the anti-PD-L1 to the upfront treatment. Immunoscore-IC stands as the most promising predictor of benefit from ICIs.
2023
Moretto, Roberto; Rossini, Daniele; Catteau, Aurélie; Antoniotti, Carlotta; Giordano, Mirella; Boccaccino, Alessandra; Ugolini, Clara; Proietti, Agnese; Conca, Veronica; Kassambara, Alboukadel; Pietrantonio, Filippo; Salvatore, Lisa; Lonardi, Sara; Tamberi, Stefano; Tamburini, Emiliano; Poma, Anello Marcello; Fieschi, Jacques; Fontanini, Gabriella; Masi, Gianluca; Galon, Jérôme; Cremolini, Chiara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1178368
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