The impact of the distribution in space of the inlet velocity in the numerical simulations of the hemodynamics in the thoracic aorta is systematically investigated. A real healthy aorta geometry, for which in-vivo measurements are available, is considered. The distribution is modeled through a truncated cone shape, which is a suitable approximation of the real one downstream of a trileaflet aortic valve during the systolic part of the cardiac cycle. The ratio between the upper and the lower base of the truncated cone and the position of the center of the upper base are selected as uncertain parameters. A stochastic approach is chosen, based on the generalized Polynomial Chaos expansion, to obtain accurate response surfaces of the quantities of interest in the parameter space. The selected parameters influence the velocity distribution in the ascending aorta. Consequently, effects on the wall shear stress are observed, confirming the need to use patient-specific inlet conditions if interested in the hemodynamics of this region. The surface base ratio is globally the most important parameter. Conversely, the impact on the velocity and wall shear stress in the aortic arch and descending aorta is almost negligible.

Impact of the Spatial Velocity Inlet Distribution on the Hemodynamics of the Thoracic Aorta

Mariotti A.
Primo
;
Celi S.
;
Antonuccio M. N.;Salvetti M. V.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

The impact of the distribution in space of the inlet velocity in the numerical simulations of the hemodynamics in the thoracic aorta is systematically investigated. A real healthy aorta geometry, for which in-vivo measurements are available, is considered. The distribution is modeled through a truncated cone shape, which is a suitable approximation of the real one downstream of a trileaflet aortic valve during the systolic part of the cardiac cycle. The ratio between the upper and the lower base of the truncated cone and the position of the center of the upper base are selected as uncertain parameters. A stochastic approach is chosen, based on the generalized Polynomial Chaos expansion, to obtain accurate response surfaces of the quantities of interest in the parameter space. The selected parameters influence the velocity distribution in the ascending aorta. Consequently, effects on the wall shear stress are observed, confirming the need to use patient-specific inlet conditions if interested in the hemodynamics of this region. The surface base ratio is globally the most important parameter. Conversely, the impact on the velocity and wall shear stress in the aortic arch and descending aorta is almost negligible.
2023
Mariotti, A.; Celi, S.; Antonuccio, M. N.; Salvetti, M. V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1203267
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