Background: Balloon post-dilation (BPD) is a widely adopted strategy to optimize acute results of TAVI, with a positive impact on both paravalvular leak and mean gradients. On the other hand, the inflation of the balloon inside prosthetic leaflets may damage them increasing the risk of structural valve deterioration (SVD). Furthermore, the impact of BPD on long-term clinical outcomes and valve hemodynamics is yet unknown. Aims: To evaluate the impact of BPD on valve durability and long-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing self-expanding transcatheter valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: Echocardiographic and clinical data from the ClinicalService (a nation-based data repository and medical care project) were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups, those who underwent BPD after TAVI and those who did not. Coprimary endpoints were all-cause death and SVD. Cumulative incidence functions for SVD were estimated. Results: Among 1835 patients included in the study, 417 (22.7%) underwent BPD and 1418 (77.3%) did not undergo BPD. No statistically significant differences at 6-year follow-up were found between groups in terms of all-cause mortality (HR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.9–1.22; p = 0.557) and SVD (2.1% vs. 1.4%, p = 0.381). In addition, BPD did not predispose to higher risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, valve thrombosis, and endocarditis at 6-year follow-up. Conclusions: BPD following TAVI with a self-expanding prosthesis does not seem to be associated with an increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes or SVD at 6-year follow-up.

Impact of balloon post-dilation on valve durability and long-term clinical outcomes after self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Angelillis M.;De Carlo M.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Balloon post-dilation (BPD) is a widely adopted strategy to optimize acute results of TAVI, with a positive impact on both paravalvular leak and mean gradients. On the other hand, the inflation of the balloon inside prosthetic leaflets may damage them increasing the risk of structural valve deterioration (SVD). Furthermore, the impact of BPD on long-term clinical outcomes and valve hemodynamics is yet unknown. Aims: To evaluate the impact of BPD on valve durability and long-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing self-expanding transcatheter valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: Echocardiographic and clinical data from the ClinicalService (a nation-based data repository and medical care project) were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups, those who underwent BPD after TAVI and those who did not. Coprimary endpoints were all-cause death and SVD. Cumulative incidence functions for SVD were estimated. Results: Among 1835 patients included in the study, 417 (22.7%) underwent BPD and 1418 (77.3%) did not undergo BPD. No statistically significant differences at 6-year follow-up were found between groups in terms of all-cause mortality (HR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.9–1.22; p = 0.557) and SVD (2.1% vs. 1.4%, p = 0.381). In addition, BPD did not predispose to higher risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, valve thrombosis, and endocarditis at 6-year follow-up. Conclusions: BPD following TAVI with a self-expanding prosthesis does not seem to be associated with an increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes or SVD at 6-year follow-up.
2023
Sanz Sanchez, J.; Regazzoli, D.; Barbanti, M.; Fiorina, C.; Adamo, M.; Angelillis, M.; De Carlo, M.; Bellini, B.; Montorfano, M.; Mangieri, A.; Bruschi, G.; Merlanti, B.; Agnifili, M. L.; Testa, L.; Ferrara, E.; Musto, C.; Colombo, A.; Tamburino, C.; Reimers, B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1216038
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