Background: Targeted therapy (TT) with encorafenib and cetuximab is the current standard for patients with BRAFV600E-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who received one or more prior systemic treatments. However, the median progression-free survival (mPFS) is ∼4 months, and little is known about the possibility of administering subsequent therapies, their efficacy, and clinicopathological determinants of outcome. Methods: A real-world dataset including patients with BRAFV600E-mutated mCRC treated with TT at 21 Italian centers was retrospectively interrogated. We assessed treatments after progression, attrition rates, and outcomes. Results: Of the 179 patients included, 85 (47%), 32 (18%), and 7 (4%) received one, two, or three lines of treatment after TT, respectively. Those receiving TT in the second line were more likely to receive at least one subsequent therapy (53%), as compared with those treated with TT in the third line or beyond (30%; P < 0.0001), and achieved longer postprogression survival (PPS), also in a multivariate model (P = 0.0001). Among 62 patients with proficient mismatch repair/microsatellite stable (pMMR/MSS) tumors receiving one or more lines of treatment after second-line TT, combinatory chemotherapy ± anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) was associated with longer PFS and PPS as compared with trifluridine-tipiracil or regorafenib (mPFS: 2.6 versus 2.0 months, P = 0.07; PPS: 6.5 versus 4.4 months, P = 0.04). Conclusions: Our real-world data suggest that TT should be initiated as soon as possible after the failure of first-line treatment in BRAFV600E-mutated mCRC. Among patients with pMMR/MSS tumors, combinatory chemotherapy ± anti-VEGF appears the preferred treatment choice after TT failure.

Treatment of patients with BRAFV600E-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer after progression to encorafenib and cetuximab: data from a real-world nationwide dataset

Germani, M M;Vetere, G;Boccaccino, A;Carullo, M;Cremolini, C
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Targeted therapy (TT) with encorafenib and cetuximab is the current standard for patients with BRAFV600E-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who received one or more prior systemic treatments. However, the median progression-free survival (mPFS) is ∼4 months, and little is known about the possibility of administering subsequent therapies, their efficacy, and clinicopathological determinants of outcome. Methods: A real-world dataset including patients with BRAFV600E-mutated mCRC treated with TT at 21 Italian centers was retrospectively interrogated. We assessed treatments after progression, attrition rates, and outcomes. Results: Of the 179 patients included, 85 (47%), 32 (18%), and 7 (4%) received one, two, or three lines of treatment after TT, respectively. Those receiving TT in the second line were more likely to receive at least one subsequent therapy (53%), as compared with those treated with TT in the third line or beyond (30%; P < 0.0001), and achieved longer postprogression survival (PPS), also in a multivariate model (P = 0.0001). Among 62 patients with proficient mismatch repair/microsatellite stable (pMMR/MSS) tumors receiving one or more lines of treatment after second-line TT, combinatory chemotherapy ± anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) was associated with longer PFS and PPS as compared with trifluridine-tipiracil or regorafenib (mPFS: 2.6 versus 2.0 months, P = 0.07; PPS: 6.5 versus 4.4 months, P = 0.04). Conclusions: Our real-world data suggest that TT should be initiated as soon as possible after the failure of first-line treatment in BRAFV600E-mutated mCRC. Among patients with pMMR/MSS tumors, combinatory chemotherapy ± anti-VEGF appears the preferred treatment choice after TT failure.
2024
Germani, M M; Vetere, G; Santamaria, F; Intini, R; Ghelardi, F; Bensi, M; Boccaccino, A; Minelli, A; Carullo, M; Ciracì, P; Passardi, A; Santucci, S; ...espandi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1233270
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