Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications and Machine Learning (ML) methods have gained much attention in recent years for their ability to automatically detect patterns in data without being explicitly taught rules. Specific features characterise the ECGs of patients with Brugada Syndrome (BrS); however, there is still ambiguity regarding the correct diagnosis of BrS and its differentiation from other pathologies. This work presents an application of Echo State Networks (ESN) in the Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) class for diagnosing BrS from the ECG time series. 12-lead ECGs were obtained from patients with a definite clinical diagnosis of spontaneous BrS Type 1 pattern (Group A), patients who underwent provocative pharmacological testing to induce BrS type 1 pattern, which resulted in positive (Group B) or negative (Group C), and control subjects (Group D). One extracted beat in the V2 lead was used as input, and the dataset was used to train and evaluate the ESN model using a double cross-validation approach. ESN performance was compared with that of 4 cardiologists trained in electrophysiology. The model performance was assessed in the dataset, with a correct global diagnosis observed in 91.5 % of cases compared to clinicians (88.0 %). High specificity (94.5 %), sensitivity (87.0 %) and AUC (94.7 %) for BrS recognition by ESN were observed in Groups A + B vs. C + D. Our results show that this ML model can discriminate Type 1 BrS ECGs with high accuracy comparable to expert clinicians. Future availability of larger datasets may improve the model performance and increase the potential of the ESN as a clinical support system tool for daily clinical practice.

Echo state networks for the recognition of type 1 Brugada syndrome from conventional 12-LEAD ECG

Vozzi F.;Pedrelli L.;Dimitri G. M.;Micheli A.;Mazzocchetti L.;Morales M. A.
2024-01-01

Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications and Machine Learning (ML) methods have gained much attention in recent years for their ability to automatically detect patterns in data without being explicitly taught rules. Specific features characterise the ECGs of patients with Brugada Syndrome (BrS); however, there is still ambiguity regarding the correct diagnosis of BrS and its differentiation from other pathologies. This work presents an application of Echo State Networks (ESN) in the Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) class for diagnosing BrS from the ECG time series. 12-lead ECGs were obtained from patients with a definite clinical diagnosis of spontaneous BrS Type 1 pattern (Group A), patients who underwent provocative pharmacological testing to induce BrS type 1 pattern, which resulted in positive (Group B) or negative (Group C), and control subjects (Group D). One extracted beat in the V2 lead was used as input, and the dataset was used to train and evaluate the ESN model using a double cross-validation approach. ESN performance was compared with that of 4 cardiologists trained in electrophysiology. The model performance was assessed in the dataset, with a correct global diagnosis observed in 91.5 % of cases compared to clinicians (88.0 %). High specificity (94.5 %), sensitivity (87.0 %) and AUC (94.7 %) for BrS recognition by ESN were observed in Groups A + B vs. C + D. Our results show that this ML model can discriminate Type 1 BrS ECGs with high accuracy comparable to expert clinicians. Future availability of larger datasets may improve the model performance and increase the potential of the ESN as a clinical support system tool for daily clinical practice.
2024
Vozzi, F.; Pedrelli, L.; Dimitri, G. M.; Micheli, A.; Persiani, E.; Piacenti, M.; Rossi, A.; Solarino, G.; Pieragnoli, P.; Checchi, L.; Zucchelli, G.; Mazzocchetti, L.; De Lucia, R.; Nesti, M.; Notarstefano, P.; Morales, M. A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/1235248
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