The Johari-Goldstein (JG) beta-relaxation is supposedly a universal feature of glassy dynamics and has strong connections to structural alpha-relaxation in all glass-formers. On the other hand, some small molecular glass-formers give no indication that JG relaxation is present, despite numerous investigations using a variety of experimental techniques. These exceptions cast doubt on universality and fundamental importance. Theoretical considerations suggest that the JG beta-relaxation is present but unresolved in these glass-formers because it is sandwiched between the more intense alpha-relaxation and a faster, but non-JG, secondary gamma-relaxation. We report representative data on two glass-formers, benzophenone and dimethyl phthalate. We show that by dissolving either glass-former in a host with a much higher glass transition temperature, we were able to move the alpha-relaxation further from the gamma-relaxation. We also report, for the first time, JG beta-relaxation in two glass-formers of current research interest.
|Autori:||Thayyil M. Shahin; Capaccioli S; Prevosto D.; Ngai K. L.|
|Titolo:||Is the Johari-Goldstein beta-relaxation universal?|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/14786430802270082|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|