'Double dosimetry' i.e. measurement with two dosemeters, one located above the protective apron and one under has been recommended in interventional radiology (IR) to determine the effective dose to staff. Several algorithms have been developed to calculate the effective dose from the readings of the two dosemeters, but there is no international consensus on what is the best algorithm. In this work, a few of the most recently developed algorithms have been tested in typical IR conditions. The effective dose and personnel dosemeter readings were obtained experimentally by using thermoluminescent dosemeters in and on a Rando-Alderson phantom provided with a lead apron. In addition, the effective dose and personnel dosemeter readings were calculated by the Monte Carlo method for the same irradiation geometry. The results suggest that most of the algorithms overestimate effective dose in the selected IR conditions, but there is also a risk of underestimation by using the least conservative algorithms. Two of the algorithms seem to comply best with the chosen criteria of performance, i.e. no underestimation, minimum overestimation and close estimation of effective dose in typical IR conditions. However, it might not be justified to generalise the results. It is recommended that whenever personnel doses approach or exceed the dose limit, IR conditions should be further investigated and the possibility of over- or under-estimation of effective dose by the algorithm used should be considered.
|Autori:||JÄRVINEN H; BULS N; CLERINX P; MILJANIC S; NIKODEMOVÁ D; RANOGAJEC-KOMOR M; STRUELENS L; D'ERRICO F|
|Titolo:||Comparison of double dosimetry algorithms for estimating the effective dose in occupational dosimetry of interventional radiology staff|
|Anno del prodotto:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|