The in-beam PET is a novel PET application to image the beta(+) activity induced in biological tissues by hadronic therapeutic beams. Thanks to the correlation existing between beam-delivered dose profiles and beam-induced activity profiles, in vivo information about the effective ion paths can be extracted from the in-beam PET image. In-situ measurements, immediately after patient irradiation, are recommended in order to exploit the maximum statistics, by also detecting the contribution provided by the very short lived isotopes, e.g. (15)O. A compact, dedicated tomograph should then be developed for such an application, so as to be used in the treatment room. We developed a small PET prototype in order to demonstrate the feasibility of such a technique for the monitoring of proton therapy of ocular tumors at the CATANA facility (Catania, Italy). The prototype consists of two planar heads with an active area of about 5 cm x 5 cm. Each head is made up of a square position sensitive photomultiplier (Hamamatsu H8500) coupled to a matrix of the same size of LYSO scintillating crystals (2 mm x 2 mm x 1.8 mm pixel dimensions). Dedicated, compact electronic boards are used for the signal multiplexing, amplification and digitization. The distance between the pair can be varied from 10 cm up to a maximum of about 20 cm. The validation of the prototype was performed on plastic phantoms using 62 MeV protons at the CATANA beam line. Different dose distributions were delivered and a good correlation between the distal fall-off of the activity profiles and of the dose profiles Was found, i.e., better than 2 mm along the beam direction.
|Autori:||Vecchio S; Attanasi F; BELCARI N; Camarda M; Cirrone GAP; Cuttone G; Di Rosa F; Lanconelli N; Moehrs S; Rosso V; Russo G; Del Guerra A|
|Titolo:||A PET Prototype for "In-Beam" Monitoring of Proton Therapy|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1109/TNS.2008.2008306|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|