We describe a scheme for probing a gas of ultracold atoms trapped in an optical lattice and moving in the presence of an external potential. The probe is nondestructive and uses the existing lattice fields as the measurement device. Two counterpropagating cavity fields simultaneously set up a conservative lattice potential and a weak quantum probe of the atomic motion. Balanced heterodyne detection of the probe field at the cavity output along with integration in time and across the atomic cloud yield information about the atomic dynamics in a single run. The scheme is applied to a measurement of the Bloch oscillation frequency for atoms moving in the presence of the local gravitational potential. Signal-to-noise ratios are estimated to be as high as 10(4).
|Autori:||Peden BM; Meiser D; Chiofalo M; Holland MJ|
|Titolo:||Nondestructive cavity QED probe of Bloch oscillations in a gas of ultracold atoms|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevA.80.043803|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|