The temperature and thickness dependence of the thermal expansivity of ultrathin thin films of poly(tert-butylstyrene) capped between aluminum layers revealed an unusual and intriguing confinement scenario. Below 50 nm, both the glass transition temperature and the thermal expansion coefficients decreased. Such a mixed behavior implies an enhancement of the molecular mobility, without the presence of any free surface, but dead layers, On the basis of a careful analysis of averaged quantities measured by capacitive dilatometry, we deduced a profile of thermal expansivity that explains our experimental data and previous observations in polymer nanocomposites. The effect of density-conformation coupling in proximity of a nonattractive interface allows the coexistence of an immobilized fraction in direct contact with the metal and an excess of thermal expansivity, arising from the long-range effects of packing frustration penetrating inside the bulk-like core of the film.

Unusual Deviations from Bulk Behavior in Ultrathin Films of Poly(tert-butylstyrene): Can Dead Layers Induce a Reduction of T(g)?

ROLLA, PIERANGELO;
2010

Abstract

The temperature and thickness dependence of the thermal expansivity of ultrathin thin films of poly(tert-butylstyrene) capped between aluminum layers revealed an unusual and intriguing confinement scenario. Below 50 nm, both the glass transition temperature and the thermal expansion coefficients decreased. Such a mixed behavior implies an enhancement of the molecular mobility, without the presence of any free surface, but dead layers, On the basis of a careful analysis of averaged quantities measured by capacitive dilatometry, we deduced a profile of thermal expansivity that explains our experimental data and previous observations in polymer nanocomposites. The effect of density-conformation coupling in proximity of a nonattractive interface allows the coexistence of an immobilized fraction in direct contact with the metal and an excess of thermal expansivity, arising from the long-range effects of packing frustration penetrating inside the bulk-like core of the film.
Napolitano, Simone; Pilleri, Alessandro; Rolla, Pierangelo; Wuebbenhorst, Michael
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/137035
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 80
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 79
social impact