The temperature and thickness dependence of the thermal expansivity of ultrathin thin films of poly(tert-butylstyrene) capped between aluminum layers revealed an unusual and intriguing confinement scenario. Below 50 nm, both the glass transition temperature and the thermal expansion coefficients decreased. Such a mixed behavior implies an enhancement of the molecular mobility, without the presence of any free surface, but dead layers, On the basis of a careful analysis of averaged quantities measured by capacitive dilatometry, we deduced a profile of thermal expansivity that explains our experimental data and previous observations in polymer nanocomposites. The effect of density-conformation coupling in proximity of a nonattractive interface allows the coexistence of an immobilized fraction in direct contact with the metal and an excess of thermal expansivity, arising from the long-range effects of packing frustration penetrating inside the bulk-like core of the film.
|Autori:||Napolitano Simone; Pilleri Alessandro; Rolla P; Wuebbenhorst Michael|
|Titolo:||Unusual Deviations from Bulk Behavior in Ultrathin Films of Poly(tert-butylstyrene): Can Dead Layers Induce a Reduction of T(g)?|
|Anno del prodotto:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/nn9014517|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|