The design principles of reduced-instruction-set computer (RISC) architectures as they apply to VLSI implementation for high-level languages (HLLs) are presented. The nature of general-purpose HLL computations is discussed in terms of static and dynamic program measurements, and the HLL features that need efficient support are identified. CISC (complex-instruction-set computer) and RISC approaches to general-purpose HLL computers are outlined, the effects of instruction-set reduction on both code size and execution time are evaluated, and the delayed-jump concept is introduced. The Berkeley RISC architecture is presented as an example.
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