This report describes the efficacy of biosynthetic human insulin (BHI) in long-term (one year) therapy of type I diabetic patients previously treated with conventional insulins. The results were compared with those obtained in a group of diabetic patients kept on their usual treatment. In the latter, fasting plasma glucose, HbA1, insulin dose and relative proportions of insulin formulations remained constant throughout the study. In patients switched to BHI, hypoglycaemic episodes occurred during the first week of treatment and fasting plasma glucose was higher than basally at the first two visits (7th and 30th days). Both hypoglycaemia and high fasting plasma glucose were avoided by reducing the amount of short-acting insulin and increasing that of intermediate-acting insulin, so that the short-acting/intermediate-acting insulin ratio was significantly lower during BHI therapy, although the total daily insulin dose remained unchanged. HbA1 levels remained fairly constant throughout the study. It was concluded that in order to achieve full clinical efficacy of BHI, it is important to modify the proportions of short- and intermediate-acting insulin preparations accurately when switching patients from conventional insulin to biosynthetic human insulin.
|Autori:||BENZI L; MARCHETTI P; CARRIERO PL; CICCARONE A; DI CIANNI G; GIANNARELLI R; GIOVANNITTI M; NAVALESI R|
|Titolo:||Long-term therapy with biosynthetic human insulin: importance of short-acting/intermediate-acting insulin ratio on determining efficacy of treatment|
|Anno del prodotto:||1987|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|