Ternary composites of a biodegradable thermoplastic matrix, Mater-Bi (R) (MB), with various polyolefins (PP, HDPE and PS) and hemp fibres (H) were obtained by melt mixing and characterized by SEM, OM, DSC, TGA and tensile tests. The properties of composites were compared with those of MB/polyolefin and MB/H blends. Maleic anhydride functionalized polyolefins were employed as compatibilizers. Crystallization behaviour and morphology of the composites were found to be affected by the composition, phase dispersion and compatibilizer. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated that the thermal stability of the polyolefin phase and fibres was influenced by the composition and phase structure. A significant improvement of tensile modulus and strength was recorded for composites of MB with PE and PS as compared to MB/H composites. The results indicate that incorporation of polyolefins in the biodegradable matrix, compared to binary matrix/fibre system, may have significant advantages in terms of properties, processability and cost. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Autori interni:||PACI, MASSIMO|
|Autori:||Minhaz-Ul Haque M; Alvarez V; Paci M; Pracella M|
|Titolo:||Processing, compatibilization and properties of ternary composites of Mater-Bi with polyolefins and hemp fibres|
|Anno del prodotto:||2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.compositesa.2011.09.015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|