Since insulin modulates key enzymes of lipid metabolism, different biological activities of biosynthetic human insulin (BHI) and conventional insulins might induce different plasma lipid and apolipoprotein patterns in diabetic patients chronically treated with the former or the latter insulin preparation. In this study we have evaluated the effects of 3 months of therapy with BHI on plasma lipid and apolipoprotein concentrations in a group of type I diabetics previously treated with insulin of animal origin and the results have been compared with those from diabetics maintained on conventional insulin therapy. In the latter, no change occurred in the clinical and metabolic parameters. Patients transferred to BHI showed lower HDL-cholesterol and HDL3-cholesterol levels at 30 days from the beginning of BHI treatment, and both parameters returned to, and were maintained the basal values at subsequent controls. Total cholesterol, HDL2-cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoproteins AI, AII and B remained substantially constant throughout the study. Glycometabolic control, which was evaluated by fasting plasma glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin, exhibited a transient, moderate deterioration at the 30-day control, and returned to basal level in the following weeks. No major change was noted as far as daily insulin dosage and relative body weight were concerned. Thus, long-term BHI treatment of type I diabetics does not cause any major change in plasma lipid and apolipoprotein patterns in comparison with animal insulin therapy, so that the validity of using BHI in the treatment of type I diabetes is confirmed. © 1986 Casa Editria il Ponte.
|Autori:||MARCHETTI P; BENZI L; CERRI M; PECORI N; SANNA G; GIOVANNITTI M; NAVALESI R|
|Titolo:||Biosynthetic human insulin does not modify circulating lipid and apolipoprotein concentrations in type I diabetic patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||1986|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/BF02581356|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|