Basil (Ocimum basilicum L., cultivar Genovese) plants were grown in Hoagland solution with or without 50 mM NaCl or 25 mM Na 2SO 4. After 15 days of treatment, Na 2SO 4 slowed growth of plants as indicated by root, stem and leaf dry weight, root length, shoot height and leaf area, and the effects were major of those induced by NaCl. Photosynthetic response was decreased more by chloride salinity than by sulphate. No effects in both treatments on leaf chlorophyll content, maximal efficiency of PSII photochemistry (F v/F m) and electron transport rate (ETR) were recorded. Therefore, an excess of energy following the limitation to CO 2 photoassimilation and a down regulation of PSII photochemistry was monitored under NaCl, which displays mechanisms that play a role in avoiding PSII photodamage able to dissipate this excess energy. Ionic composition (Na +, K +, Ca 2+, and Mg 2+) was affected to the same extent under both types of salinity, thus together with an increase in leaves Cl -, and roots SO 4 2- in NaCl and Na 2SO 4-treated plants, respectively, may have resulted in the observed growth retardation (for Na 2SO 4 treatment) and photosynthesis activity inhibition (for NaCl treatment), suggesting that those effects seem to have been due to the anionic component of the salts.
|Autori:||TARCHOUNE I; DEGL’INNOCENTI E; KADDOUR R; GUIDI L; LACHAAL M; NAVARI-IZZO F; OUERGHI Z|
|Titolo:||Effects of NaCl and Na2SO4 salinity on plant growth, ion content and photosynthetic activity in Ocimum basilicum L.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s11738-011-0861-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|