Objectives: Tat language is classified in an Iranian subbranch of the Indo-European family. It is spoken in the Caucasus and in the West Caspian region by populations with heterogeneous cultural traditions and religion whose ancestry is unknown. The aim of this study is to get a first insight about the genetic history of this peculiar linguistic group. Methods: We investigated the uniparental gene pools, defined by NRYand mtDNA high-resolution markers, in two Tatispeaking communities from Dagestan: Mountain Jews or Juhur, who speak the Judeo-Tat dialect, and the Tats, who speak the Muslim-Tat dialect. The samples have been collected in monoethnic rural villages and selected on the basis of genealogical relationships. A novel approach aimed at resolving cryptic cases in the recent history of human populations, which combines the properties of uniparental genetic markers with the potential of ‘‘forward-in-time’’ computer simulations, is presented. Results: Judeo-Tats emerged as a group with tight matrilineal genetic legacy who separated early from other Jewish communities. Tats exhibited genetic signals of a much longer in situ evolution, which appear as substantially unlinked with other Indo-Iranian enclaves in the Caucasus. Conclusions: The independent demographic histories of the two samples, with mutually reversed profiles at paternally and maternally transmitted genetic systems, suggest that geographic proximity and linguistic assimilation of Tatispeakers from Dagestan do not reflect a common ancestry.

The dual origin of Tati-speakers from dagestan as written in the genealogy of uniparental variants.

TAGLIOLI, LUCA;PAOLI, GIORGIO;TOFANELLI, SERGIO
2012

Abstract

Objectives: Tat language is classified in an Iranian subbranch of the Indo-European family. It is spoken in the Caucasus and in the West Caspian region by populations with heterogeneous cultural traditions and religion whose ancestry is unknown. The aim of this study is to get a first insight about the genetic history of this peculiar linguistic group. Methods: We investigated the uniparental gene pools, defined by NRYand mtDNA high-resolution markers, in two Tatispeaking communities from Dagestan: Mountain Jews or Juhur, who speak the Judeo-Tat dialect, and the Tats, who speak the Muslim-Tat dialect. The samples have been collected in monoethnic rural villages and selected on the basis of genealogical relationships. A novel approach aimed at resolving cryptic cases in the recent history of human populations, which combines the properties of uniparental genetic markers with the potential of ‘‘forward-in-time’’ computer simulations, is presented. Results: Judeo-Tats emerged as a group with tight matrilineal genetic legacy who separated early from other Jewish communities. Tats exhibited genetic signals of a much longer in situ evolution, which appear as substantially unlinked with other Indo-Iranian enclaves in the Caucasus. Conclusions: The independent demographic histories of the two samples, with mutually reversed profiles at paternally and maternally transmitted genetic systems, suggest that geographic proximity and linguistic assimilation of Tatispeakers from Dagestan do not reflect a common ancestry.
Bertoncini, S; Bulayeva, K; Ferri, G; Pagani, L; Caciagli, L; Taglioli, Luca; Semyonov, I; Bulayev, O; Paoli, Giorgio; Tofanelli, Sergio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/157226
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