Recent detections of the starburst galaxies M82 and NGC 253 by gamma-ray telescopes suggest that galaxies rapidly forming massive stars are more luminous at gamma-ray energies compared to their quiescent relatives. Building upon those results, we examine a sample of 69 dwarf, spiral, and luminous and ultraluminous infrared galaxies at photon energies 0.1-100 GeV using 3 years of data collected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi). Measured fluxes from significantly detected sources and flux upper limits for the remaining galaxies are used to explore the physics of cosmic rays in galaxies. We find further evidence for quasi-linear scaling relations between gamma-ray luminosity and both radio continuum luminosity and total infrared luminosity which apply both to quiescent galaxies of the Local Group and low-redshift starburst galaxies (conservative P-values less than or similar to 0.05 accounting for statistical and systematic uncertainties). The normalizations of these scaling relations correspond to luminosity ratios of log(L0.1-100GeV/L-1.4GHz) = 1.7 +/- 0.1((statistical)) +/- 0.2((dispersion)) and log(L0.1-100GeV/L8-1000 (mu m)) = -4.3 +/- 0.1((statistical)) +/- 0.2((dispersion)) for a galaxy with a star formation rate of 1 M-circle dot yr(-1), assuming a Chabrier initial mass function. Using the relationship between infrared luminosity and gamma-ray luminosity, the collective intensity of unresolved star-forming galaxies at redshifts 0 < z < 2.5 above 0.1 GeV is estimated to be 0.4-2.4 x 10(-6) ph cm(-2) s(-1) sr(-1) (4%-23% of the intensity of the isotropic diffuse component measured with the LAT). We anticipate that similar to 10 galaxies could be detected by their cosmic-ray-induced gamma-ray emission during a 10 year Fermi mission.

GeV OBSERVATIONS OF STAR-FORMING GALAXIES WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE

BALDINI, LUCA;RAZZANO, MASSIMILIANO;TINIVELLA, MARCO;
2012-01-01

Abstract

Recent detections of the starburst galaxies M82 and NGC 253 by gamma-ray telescopes suggest that galaxies rapidly forming massive stars are more luminous at gamma-ray energies compared to their quiescent relatives. Building upon those results, we examine a sample of 69 dwarf, spiral, and luminous and ultraluminous infrared galaxies at photon energies 0.1-100 GeV using 3 years of data collected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi). Measured fluxes from significantly detected sources and flux upper limits for the remaining galaxies are used to explore the physics of cosmic rays in galaxies. We find further evidence for quasi-linear scaling relations between gamma-ray luminosity and both radio continuum luminosity and total infrared luminosity which apply both to quiescent galaxies of the Local Group and low-redshift starburst galaxies (conservative P-values less than or similar to 0.05 accounting for statistical and systematic uncertainties). The normalizations of these scaling relations correspond to luminosity ratios of log(L0.1-100GeV/L-1.4GHz) = 1.7 +/- 0.1((statistical)) +/- 0.2((dispersion)) and log(L0.1-100GeV/L8-1000 (mu m)) = -4.3 +/- 0.1((statistical)) +/- 0.2((dispersion)) for a galaxy with a star formation rate of 1 M-circle dot yr(-1), assuming a Chabrier initial mass function. Using the relationship between infrared luminosity and gamma-ray luminosity, the collective intensity of unresolved star-forming galaxies at redshifts 0 < z < 2.5 above 0.1 GeV is estimated to be 0.4-2.4 x 10(-6) ph cm(-2) s(-1) sr(-1) (4%-23% of the intensity of the isotropic diffuse component measured with the LAT). We anticipate that similar to 10 galaxies could be detected by their cosmic-ray-induced gamma-ray emission during a 10 year Fermi mission.
2012
Ackermann, M; Ajello, M; Allafort, A; Baldini, Luca; Ballet, J; Bastieri, D; Bechtol, K; Bellazzini, R; Berenji, B; Bloom, Ed; Bonamente, E; Borgland, Aw; Bouvier, A; Bregeon, J; Brigida, M; Bruel, P; Buehler, R; Buson, S; Caliandro, Ga; Cameron, Ra; Caraveo, Pa; Casandjian, Jm; Cecchi, C; Charles, E; Chekhtman, A; Cheung, Cc; Chiang, J; Cillis, An; Ciprini, S; Claus, R; Cohen Tanugi, J; Conrad, J; Cutini, S; de Palma, F; Dermer, Cd; Digel, Sw; Silva, Ede; Drell, Ps; Drlica Wagner, A; Favuzzi, C; Fegan, Sj; Fortin, P; Fukazawa, Y; Funk, S; Fusco, P; Gargano, F; Gasparrini, D; Germani, S; Giglietto, N; Giordano, F; Glanzman, T; Godfrey, G; Grenier, Ia; Guiriec, S; Gustafsson, M; Hadasch, D; Hayashida, M; Hays, E; Hughes, Re; Johannesson, G; Johnson, As; Kamae, T; Katagiri, H; Kataoka, J; Knodlseder, J; Kuss, M; Lande, J; Longo, F; Loparco, F; Lott, B; Lovellette, Mn; Lubrano, P; Madejski, Gm; Martin, P; Mazziotta, Mn; Mcenery, Je; Michelson, Pf; Mizuno, T; Monte, C; Monzani, Me; Morselli, A; Moskalenko, Iv; Murgia, S; Nishino, S; Norris, Jp; Nuss, E; Ohno, M; Ohsugi, T; Okumura, A; Omodei, N; Orlando, E; Ozaki, M; Parent, D; Persic, M; Pesce Rollins, M; Petrosian, V; Pierbattista, M; Piron, F; Pivato, G; Porter, Ta; Raino, S; Rando, R; Razzano, Massimiliano; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Ritz, S; Roth, M; Sbarra, C; Sgro, C; Siskind, Ej; Spandre, G; Spinelli, P; Stawarz, L; Strong, Aw; Takahashi, H; Tanaka, T; Thayer, Jb; Tibaldo, L; Tinivella, Marco; Torres, Df; Tosti, G; Troja, E; Uchiyama, Y; Vandenbroucke, J; Vianello, G; Vitale, V; Waite, Ap; Wood, M; Yang, Z.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/157324
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 338
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 286
social impact