BACKGROUND: Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and, to a minor extent, peroxidase (POD) represent the key enzymes involved in enzymatic browning, a negative process induced by cutting fresh-cut produce such as lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and rocket salad (Eruca sativa). Although ascorbic acid is frequently utilised as an anti-browning agent, its mechanism in the prevention of the browning phenomenon is not clearly understood. RESULTS: The activity of PPO and POD and their isoforms in lettuce (a high-browning and low-ascorbic acid species) and rocket salad (a low-browning and high-ascorbic species) was characterised. The kinetic parameters of PPO and in vitro ascorbic acid-PPO inhibition were also investigated. In rocket salad, PPO activity was much lower than that in lettuce and cutting induced an increase in PPO activity only in lettuce. Exogenous ascorbic acid (5mmolL-1) reduced PPO activity by about 90% in lettuce. POD did not appear to be closely related to browning in lettuce. CONCLUSION: PPO is the main enzyme involved in the browning phenomenon; POD appears to play a minor role. The concentration of endogenous ascorbic acid in rocket salad was related to its low-browning sensitivity after cutting. In lettuce, the addition of ascorbic acid directly inhibited PPO activity. The results suggest that the high ascorbic acid content found in rocket salad plays an effective role in reducing PPO activity.
|Autori:||LANDI M; DEGL’INNOCENTI E; GUGLIELMINETTI L; GUIDI L|
|Titolo:||Role of ascorbic acid in polyphenol-oxidase inhibition and browning prevention in different browning-sensitive Lactuca sativa var. capitata (L.) and Eruca sativa (Mill.) stored as fresh-cut produce.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/jsfa.5969|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|