Mutagenicity studies were performed by the use of the Ames plate test with the Salmonella strains TA98, TA1OO, TA98NR and TA98DNP6 with and without metabolic activation (S9 mix). The TA98 strain was by far the most responsive and the S9 mix was absolutely required as expected when PAH are assayed. Besides mutagenicity, toxicity was also considered and it proved to be correlated with mutagenicity in TA98, +S9. The TA98NR and TA98DNP6 strains showed no appreciable differences from the parental strain TA98 indicating the absence of significant amounts of direct-acting nitro derivatives in our PAH samples. Of the 15 PAH considered in this study the amounts of cyclopenta[c,d]pyrene (CPP) correlated best with mutagenicity. The role of CPP in contributing to the indirect mutagenicity of urban air PAH samples is discussed.
|Autori:||Barale R; Giromini L; Ghelardini G; Scapoli C; Loprieno N; Pala M; Valerio F; Barrai I|
|Titolo:||Correlations between 15 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and the mutagenicity of the total PAH fraction in ambient air particles in La Spezia (Italy)|
|Anno del prodotto:||1991|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0027-5107(91)90150-M|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|